Nocardia asteroides peritoneal dialysis-related peritonitis: First case in pediatrics, treated with protracted linezolid

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Nocardia asteroides is a rare pathogen in peritoneal dialysis-related peritonitis. We report on a 13-year-old female with Nocardia asteroides peritonitis complicated by an intra-abdominal abscess. Linezolid was administered intravenously for 3 months and followed by oral therapy for an additional 5 months with close monitoring for adverse effects. The patient was discharged after 3 months of hospitalization on hemodialysis. The diagnosis and management of such cases can be problematic due to the slow growth and difficulty of identifying Nocardia species. The optimal duration of treatment for Nocardia peritonitis is not known. Linezolid can be used for prolonged periods in cases of trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole-resistant cases with close monitoring for adverse effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)192-197
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Infection and Public Health
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2016



  • Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
  • Intra-abdominal abscess
  • Nocardia asteroides
  • Oman
  • Peritoneal dialysis
  • Peritonitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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