New antimicrobial and cytotoxic acylated triterpenoidal saponins from Gleditsia aquatica

Ehab A. Ragab*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Phytochemical investigation on the fruits of Gleditsia aquatica resulted in the isolation and identification of two new bisdesmosidic triterpenoidal saponins, aquaticasaponin A (1) and aquaticasaponin B (2) acylated with two and one monoterpenic acids, respectively, and one known cytokinin, aquaticine C (3). The structural elucidation of isolated metabolites was established on the basis of 1D, 2D NMR, and MS spectral analyses. The antimicrobial activity of the isolated compounds [1-3] was evaluated. Compound 1 exhibited the highest degree of activity against Syncephalastrum racemosum with an MIC value of 9.2 μM, whereas compound 2 exhibited the highest degree of activity against Escherichia coli with an MIC value of 67.3 μM. The isolated compounds also exhibited good cytotoxic activity against human breast cancer (MCF-7) and human colon cancer (HCT-116) cell lines with values of IC50 from 0.5 to 1.0 μM. Compound 1 was found to be the most active against colon cancer HCT-116 cell line with IC50 value of 0.5 μM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2916-2925
Number of pages10
JournalMedicinal Chemistry Research
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Acylated oleanane-type triterpenoidal saponins
  • Antimicrobial activity
  • Cytotoxic activity
  • Fabaceae
  • Gleditsia aquatica

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
  • Organic Chemistry

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