Natural convection in a hydrodynamically and thermally anisotropic non-rectangular porous cavity: Effect of internal heat generation/absorption

Pallath Chandran, Nirmal Sacheti, B. S. Bhadauria, A. K. Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Laminar natural convection in a trapezoidal porous vertical cavity has been investigated in this work. It is assumed that the porous enclosure is filled up with a permeable material subject to hydrodynamic and thermal anisotropy, the flow being governed by the Darcy law as applicable to a non-isotropic medium. It is further assumed that (i) there is heating at the left vertical wall and cooling at the right wall of the enclosure and (ii) the flow domain is subject to the presence of heat source or heat sink. The partial differential equations governing the resulting free convection have been solved numerically in the non-dimensional forms. There arises a number of parameters relating to buoyancy, internal heating, cavity aspect ratio and inclination of the upper surface to the horizontal. The influence of these parameters has been illustrated and analyzed through contours of streamlines and isotherms. We have also discussed the role of internal heating as well as anisotropy on the heat transfer characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)595-609
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Applied Mechanics and Engineering
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2018



  • Darcy law
  • heat source/sink
  • natural convection
  • permeability
  • porous medium
  • thermal diffusivity
  • trapezoidal cavity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Transportation
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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