Nanostructured food proteins as efficient systems for the encapsulation of bioactive compounds

Mehdi Mohammadian, Mostafa I. Waly, Maryam Moghadam, Zahra Emam-Djomeh*, Maryam Salami, Ali Akbar Moosavi-Movahedi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recently, nanoencapsulation was introduced as an efficient and promising approach for the protection, delivery, and site-specific liberation of the nutraceuticals and bioactive ingredients. Food proteins are attractive materials for developing nanocarriers to protect and deliver bioactives due to their unique functional and biological properties. Food proteins extracted from animals and plants have the ability to form different nanostructures including nanoparticles, hollow particles, nanogels, nanofibrillar aggregates, electrospun nanofibers, nanotubular structures, and nanocomplexes. These nanostructured food proteins have been widely used as nanocarriers for the biologically active compounds and drugs. The release of bioactive compounds from nanocarriers depends mainly on pH as well as swelling and the degradation behavior of nanostructure in the simulated physiological conditions. This review presents the applications of the nanostructured food proteins for the encapsulation of bioactive compounds. The major techniques for the fabrication of nanocarriers are described. The encapsulation, protection, and release of bioactive compounds in different nanostructured food proteins were also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-213
Number of pages15
JournalFood Science and Human Wellness
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bioactive compounds
  • Food proteins
  • Nanocarriers
  • Nanoencapsulation
  • Release properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

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