Multitemporal remote sensing data analysis of Kuwait's oil lakes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Digital image processing techniques were applied to Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) data acquired between 1987 and 1995 to map the oil lakes, tarmats, and soot in the Greater Burgan oil field, Kuwait. The oil lakes were created during the 1991 Arabian Gulf War when several producing oil wells in Kuwait were set ablaze and others damaged to allow oil to gush uncontrollably. The images were subjected to a large high-pass filter with 50% addback of the original image. The filtered results were then edge enhanced to sharpen the local textural information. The normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) was used to map the vegetation distribution in the TM data acquired in the spring. The TM imagery analysis indicated that a majority of the contaminated areas surrounding the oil lakes were gradually recovering in terms of vegetation growth. The surficial coverage of the oil lakes calculated from the 1995 TM digital image data was 38.93 km2. Of their total, 35.45 km2, or over 90% of the oil lakes were in the Greater Burgan oil field. The 20% decrease in the original total area was due to the shrinkage in volume and area from the recovery process, sand encroachment, and the drying of shallow parts with time. Even though some of the oil lake beds are covered by a veneer of sand and are not seen on satellite images, they still pose hazards to the environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-137
Number of pages17
JournalEnvironment International
Volume24
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1998

Fingerprint

Lakes
Remote sensing
Oils
remote sensing
oil
lake
Oil fields
oil field
Sand
Soot
High pass filters
Veneers
Oil wells
sand
vegetation
oil well
soot
digital image
data analysis
Landsat thematic mapper

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

Multitemporal remote sensing data analysis of Kuwait's oil lakes. / Kwarteng, A. Y.

In: Environment International, Vol. 24, No. 1-2, 01.1998, p. 121-137.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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