Moment magnitudes of local/regional events from 1D coda calibrations in the broader middle east region

Rengin Gök, Ayoub Kaviani, Eric M. Matzel, Michael E. Pasyanos, Kevin Mayeda, Gurban Yetirmishli, Issa El Hussain, Abdullah Al Amri, Farah Al Jeri, Tea Godoladze, Dogan Kalafat, Eric A. Sandvol, William R. Walter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Abstract Reliable moment magnitude estimates for seismic events in the Middle East region can be difficult to obtain due to the uneven distribution of stations, the complex tectonic structure, and regions of high attenuation. In this study, we take advantage of the many new broadband seismic stations that have become available through improved national networks and numerous temporary deployments. We make coda envelope-amplitude measurements for 2247 events recorded by 68 stations over 13 narrow frequency bands ranging between 0.03 and 8 Hz. The absolute scaling of these spectra was calculated based on independent waveform modeling solutions of the moment magnitudes for a subset of these events to avoid circularity. Using our 1D path calibrations, we determined coda-based magnitudes for a majority of the events. We obtain fairly good agreement with waveform-modeled seismic moments for the larger events (Mw >4:5) at low frequencies (<0:7 Hz). As expected, the coda-derived source spectra become increasingly scattered at higher frequencies (>0:7 Hz) because of unaccounted 2D path effects, as well as mixing of both Sn coda and Lg coda, which have different attenuation behavior. This scatter leads to increased variance in the magnitudes estimated for smaller events in which low-frequency amplitudes are below the noise levels and the higher frequencies are the only signals available. We quantify the expected variance in coda envelope amplitudes as a function of frequency using interstation scatter as our metric. The net results of this study provide thousands of new 1D coda magnitude estimates for events in the broad region, as well as the necessary initial starting model for use in a new related 2D coda study (Pasyanos et al., 2016).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1926-1938
Number of pages13
JournalBulletin of the Seismological Society of America
Volume106
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2016

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Middle East
coda
Tectonics
Frequency bands
Calibration
calibration
moments
stations
waveforms
envelopes
attenuation
low frequencies
tectonic structure
seismic moment
estimates
set theory
tectonics
broadband
scaling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Gök, R., Kaviani, A., Matzel, E. M., Pasyanos, M. E., Mayeda, K., Yetirmishli, G., ... Walter, W. R. (2016). Moment magnitudes of local/regional events from 1D coda calibrations in the broader middle east region. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 106(5), 1926-1938. https://doi.org/10.1785/0120160045

Moment magnitudes of local/regional events from 1D coda calibrations in the broader middle east region. / Gök, Rengin; Kaviani, Ayoub; Matzel, Eric M.; Pasyanos, Michael E.; Mayeda, Kevin; Yetirmishli, Gurban; El Hussain, Issa; Al Amri, Abdullah; Al Jeri, Farah; Godoladze, Tea; Kalafat, Dogan; Sandvol, Eric A.; Walter, William R.

In: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 106, No. 5, 01.10.2016, p. 1926-1938.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gök, R, Kaviani, A, Matzel, EM, Pasyanos, ME, Mayeda, K, Yetirmishli, G, El Hussain, I, Al Amri, A, Al Jeri, F, Godoladze, T, Kalafat, D, Sandvol, EA & Walter, WR 2016, 'Moment magnitudes of local/regional events from 1D coda calibrations in the broader middle east region', Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, vol. 106, no. 5, pp. 1926-1938. https://doi.org/10.1785/0120160045
Gök, Rengin ; Kaviani, Ayoub ; Matzel, Eric M. ; Pasyanos, Michael E. ; Mayeda, Kevin ; Yetirmishli, Gurban ; El Hussain, Issa ; Al Amri, Abdullah ; Al Jeri, Farah ; Godoladze, Tea ; Kalafat, Dogan ; Sandvol, Eric A. ; Walter, William R. / Moment magnitudes of local/regional events from 1D coda calibrations in the broader middle east region. In: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America. 2016 ; Vol. 106, No. 5. pp. 1926-1938.
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AU - Mayeda, Kevin

AU - Yetirmishli, Gurban

AU - El Hussain, Issa

AU - Al Amri, Abdullah

AU - Al Jeri, Farah

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AU - Kalafat, Dogan

AU - Sandvol, Eric A.

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N2 - Abstract Reliable moment magnitude estimates for seismic events in the Middle East region can be difficult to obtain due to the uneven distribution of stations, the complex tectonic structure, and regions of high attenuation. In this study, we take advantage of the many new broadband seismic stations that have become available through improved national networks and numerous temporary deployments. We make coda envelope-amplitude measurements for 2247 events recorded by 68 stations over 13 narrow frequency bands ranging between 0.03 and 8 Hz. The absolute scaling of these spectra was calculated based on independent waveform modeling solutions of the moment magnitudes for a subset of these events to avoid circularity. Using our 1D path calibrations, we determined coda-based magnitudes for a majority of the events. We obtain fairly good agreement with waveform-modeled seismic moments for the larger events (Mw >4:5) at low frequencies (<0:7 Hz). As expected, the coda-derived source spectra become increasingly scattered at higher frequencies (>0:7 Hz) because of unaccounted 2D path effects, as well as mixing of both Sn coda and Lg coda, which have different attenuation behavior. This scatter leads to increased variance in the magnitudes estimated for smaller events in which low-frequency amplitudes are below the noise levels and the higher frequencies are the only signals available. We quantify the expected variance in coda envelope amplitudes as a function of frequency using interstation scatter as our metric. The net results of this study provide thousands of new 1D coda magnitude estimates for events in the broad region, as well as the necessary initial starting model for use in a new related 2D coda study (Pasyanos et al., 2016).

AB - Abstract Reliable moment magnitude estimates for seismic events in the Middle East region can be difficult to obtain due to the uneven distribution of stations, the complex tectonic structure, and regions of high attenuation. In this study, we take advantage of the many new broadband seismic stations that have become available through improved national networks and numerous temporary deployments. We make coda envelope-amplitude measurements for 2247 events recorded by 68 stations over 13 narrow frequency bands ranging between 0.03 and 8 Hz. The absolute scaling of these spectra was calculated based on independent waveform modeling solutions of the moment magnitudes for a subset of these events to avoid circularity. Using our 1D path calibrations, we determined coda-based magnitudes for a majority of the events. We obtain fairly good agreement with waveform-modeled seismic moments for the larger events (Mw >4:5) at low frequencies (<0:7 Hz). As expected, the coda-derived source spectra become increasingly scattered at higher frequencies (>0:7 Hz) because of unaccounted 2D path effects, as well as mixing of both Sn coda and Lg coda, which have different attenuation behavior. This scatter leads to increased variance in the magnitudes estimated for smaller events in which low-frequency amplitudes are below the noise levels and the higher frequencies are the only signals available. We quantify the expected variance in coda envelope amplitudes as a function of frequency using interstation scatter as our metric. The net results of this study provide thousands of new 1D coda magnitude estimates for events in the broad region, as well as the necessary initial starting model for use in a new related 2D coda study (Pasyanos et al., 2016).

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