Molecular identification of fungal pathogens associated with date palm root diseases in the United Arab Emirates

Mohammed S. Al-Hammadi, Rashid Al-Shariqi, Sajeewa S.N. Maharachchikumbura, Abdullah Al-Sadi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Date palm is the most widely cultivated crop in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). This study identified the main fungal root pathogens of date palms in the UAE. Isolations were established from 84 root samples and the recovered fungal isolates were identified using morphology and sequences of the internal transcribed spacer region of the ribosomal RNA gene (ITS rRNA) or the translation elongation factor gene (TEF1). The study revealed association of 10 fungal species with date palm roots, with Fusarium solani (82%), Lasiodiplodia hormozganensis (57%), Ceratocystis radicicola (7%) and L. theobromae (7%) being the most common. A pathogenicity test revealed that C. radicicola is the most aggressive, followed by L. hormozganensis and L. theobromae. These fungi resulted in rotting and development of necrosis on the roots as well as the development of wilt symptoms on 12-month old date palm seedlings. To our knowledge, this study is the first report of association of C. radicicola with date palm root diseases in the UAE. It also appears to report for the first time three new fungal species in the UAE, Fusarium keratoplasticum, Cochliobolus hawaiiensis and Cephaliophora tropica.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-147
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Plant Pathology
Volume101
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 15 2019

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United Arab Emirates
Phoenix dactylifera
root diseases
pathogens
Cochliobolus
Ceratocystis
Fusarium solani
signs and symptoms (plants)
translation (genetics)
Fusarium
internal transcribed spacers
necrosis
pathogenicity
genes
ribosomal RNA
fungi
seedlings
crops
testing
sampling

Keywords

  • EF
  • Identification
  • ITS rRNA
  • Root rot
  • Wilt

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

Cite this

Molecular identification of fungal pathogens associated with date palm root diseases in the United Arab Emirates. / Al-Hammadi, Mohammed S.; Al-Shariqi, Rashid; Maharachchikumbura, Sajeewa S.N.; Al-Sadi, Abdullah.

In: Journal of Plant Pathology, Vol. 101, No. 1, 15.02.2019, p. 141-147.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Al-Hammadi, Mohammed S. ; Al-Shariqi, Rashid ; Maharachchikumbura, Sajeewa S.N. ; Al-Sadi, Abdullah. / Molecular identification of fungal pathogens associated with date palm root diseases in the United Arab Emirates. In: Journal of Plant Pathology. 2019 ; Vol. 101, No. 1. pp. 141-147.
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