Objectives: To test the hypothesis that the neurohormone, melatonin, differentially activates the release of the proinflammatory cytokines, such as, interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), as well as inducing leukocyte mobilization into the peripheral blood in response to a sterile tissue injury. Methods: This study was conducted between November 2011 and September 2012 at the Department of Articles Physiology, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Sterile tissue injury of either skin injury or gastric ulceration was induced in equal numbers in Wistar albino rats aged 7-8 weeks (150-200 g) (20 each), with each group being equally divided into melatonin treated or vehicle-treated. Results: Melatonin treatment and sterile tissue injuries significantly (p<0.05) increased the plasma levels of IL- 1β and TNF-α compared to baseline levels. However, higher levels of IL-1β compared with TNF-α were obtained only with melatonin treatment. Furthermore, melatonin treatment significantly increased (p<0.05) total leukocyte counts before the induction of skin injury and gastric ulceration, and remained elevated for a longer period than injured, but vehicle-treated rats. In addition, our methods of inducing skin injury or gastric ulceration caused an increase in leukocyte levels in the blood circulation (p<0.05). Conclusion: Melatonin differentially stimulated plasma IL-1β and TNF-α, and increased blood leukocyte counts before and after sterile tissue injuries. It is worth pursuing further investigation into the therapeutic effect of melatonin in inflammatory disease that involves leukocyte recruitment to sites of injury.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Saudi Medical Journal|
|Publication status||Published - May 2013|
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