Modification of dependence of DC insulation resistivity of low density polyethylene (LDPE) on temperature and electric field using inorganic additives

M. Salah Khalil, Joseph A. Jervase

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

One of the reasons which has hampered the use of polyethylene (PE) as an insulating material for HVDC cables is the inherent dependence of its dc insulation resistivity ρv on temperature T and electric field E. The objectives of the present work are: (i) to investigate the possibility of modifying the dependence of the insulation resistivity ρv of LDPE on temperature and electric field by doping LDPE with an inorganic additive, and (ii) to find a mathematical model representing that dependence. Measurements of dc resistivity were made using relatively thick samples (approximately 2 mm) of undoped and doped LDPE at different electric fields ranging from 17 kV/mm to 33 kV/mm for temperatures from 50 °C to 80 °C. Results indicate that the use of the additive has a significant effect on the rate of decay of the insulation resistivity with temperature in the doped material. Based on these measurements, the dependence ρv = f(E,T) was found to conform to the law ρv = ρoe-[α*(E)T+β*(E)]. Nonlinear curve fitting was used to determine the coefficients α*(E) and β*(E). It is concluded that use of additives to LDPE can be a promising method for manufacturing insulating materials for HVDC cables.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)520-523
Number of pages4
JournalConference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena (CEIDP), Annual Report
Volume2
Publication statusPublished - 1998

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Low density polyethylenes
Insulation
Temperature distribution
Electric fields
Insulating materials
Cables
Curve fitting
Temperature
Polyethylenes
Doping (additives)
Mathematical models

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Building and Construction

Cite this

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title = "Modification of dependence of DC insulation resistivity of low density polyethylene (LDPE) on temperature and electric field using inorganic additives",
abstract = "One of the reasons which has hampered the use of polyethylene (PE) as an insulating material for HVDC cables is the inherent dependence of its dc insulation resistivity ρv on temperature T and electric field E. The objectives of the present work are: (i) to investigate the possibility of modifying the dependence of the insulation resistivity ρv of LDPE on temperature and electric field by doping LDPE with an inorganic additive, and (ii) to find a mathematical model representing that dependence. Measurements of dc resistivity were made using relatively thick samples (approximately 2 mm) of undoped and doped LDPE at different electric fields ranging from 17 kV/mm to 33 kV/mm for temperatures from 50 °C to 80 °C. Results indicate that the use of the additive has a significant effect on the rate of decay of the insulation resistivity with temperature in the doped material. Based on these measurements, the dependence ρv = f(E,T) was found to conform to the law ρv = ρoe-[α*(E)T+β*(E)]. Nonlinear curve fitting was used to determine the coefficients α*(E) and β*(E). It is concluded that use of additives to LDPE can be a promising method for manufacturing insulating materials for HVDC cables.",
author = "Khalil, {M. Salah} and Jervase, {Joseph A.}",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Modification of dependence of DC insulation resistivity of low density polyethylene (LDPE) on temperature and electric field using inorganic additives

AU - Khalil, M. Salah

AU - Jervase, Joseph A.

PY - 1998

Y1 - 1998

N2 - One of the reasons which has hampered the use of polyethylene (PE) as an insulating material for HVDC cables is the inherent dependence of its dc insulation resistivity ρv on temperature T and electric field E. The objectives of the present work are: (i) to investigate the possibility of modifying the dependence of the insulation resistivity ρv of LDPE on temperature and electric field by doping LDPE with an inorganic additive, and (ii) to find a mathematical model representing that dependence. Measurements of dc resistivity were made using relatively thick samples (approximately 2 mm) of undoped and doped LDPE at different electric fields ranging from 17 kV/mm to 33 kV/mm for temperatures from 50 °C to 80 °C. Results indicate that the use of the additive has a significant effect on the rate of decay of the insulation resistivity with temperature in the doped material. Based on these measurements, the dependence ρv = f(E,T) was found to conform to the law ρv = ρoe-[α*(E)T+β*(E)]. Nonlinear curve fitting was used to determine the coefficients α*(E) and β*(E). It is concluded that use of additives to LDPE can be a promising method for manufacturing insulating materials for HVDC cables.

AB - One of the reasons which has hampered the use of polyethylene (PE) as an insulating material for HVDC cables is the inherent dependence of its dc insulation resistivity ρv on temperature T and electric field E. The objectives of the present work are: (i) to investigate the possibility of modifying the dependence of the insulation resistivity ρv of LDPE on temperature and electric field by doping LDPE with an inorganic additive, and (ii) to find a mathematical model representing that dependence. Measurements of dc resistivity were made using relatively thick samples (approximately 2 mm) of undoped and doped LDPE at different electric fields ranging from 17 kV/mm to 33 kV/mm for temperatures from 50 °C to 80 °C. Results indicate that the use of the additive has a significant effect on the rate of decay of the insulation resistivity with temperature in the doped material. Based on these measurements, the dependence ρv = f(E,T) was found to conform to the law ρv = ρoe-[α*(E)T+β*(E)]. Nonlinear curve fitting was used to determine the coefficients α*(E) and β*(E). It is concluded that use of additives to LDPE can be a promising method for manufacturing insulating materials for HVDC cables.

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