Infected aneurysm is a life threatening clinical condition that is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Early detection is essential for a rapid and efficacious initial treatment for better prognosis. Since the introduction of antibiotic therapy and concomitant decline of endocarditis, true mycotic aneurysms are rarely seen. The usual treatment consists of antibiotics along with aggressive surgical debridement of the infected tissue and vascular reconstruction, if needed. We here describe an infected aneurysm presenting as pyrexia of unknown origin and discuss the clinical features and challenges encountered in the treatment.
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