Miscibility and thermal stability of ethyl vinyl acetate and ethylene-octane copolymer blends

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Abstract

Miscibility and thermal stability of ethyl vinyl acetate (EVA) and ethylene octane (EO) copolymer blends with different compositions were investigated by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The degradation behavior by TGA data under dynamic conditions in an inert atmosphere shows the blends to be immiscible. The addition of EO improves the thermal stability of EVA for all composition and temperature ranges. Using the DSC experiment, two single crystallization temperatures (Tc) for the blends were obtained and the crystallization and melting enthalpy with compositions abiding by the additive rules, confirm the immiscibility of the blends. The rate of crystallization seems to be independent of blend compositions. The surface morphology using AFM shows a thin and elongated crystallites of pure EO, and a bulky and random morphology for EVA, where a perfect mixture of aforementioned structures for 50/50 blend, with the immiscible domains of both EO and EVA. The 2D-power spectral density (PSD) analysis shows the surface roughness of 50/50 blends is in between of EO and EVA. Both AFM observations and quantitative PSD results, along the line with DSC and TGA. The experimental data for miscibility and stability by TGA, DSC and AFM techniques reveal that blends of EVA/EO are immiscible in the entire range of compositions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalPolymer Science - Series A
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Mar 10 2017

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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