Microbial electrolysis followed by chemical precipitation for effective nutrients recovery from digested sludge centrate in WWTPs

Sajib Barua, Basem S. Zakaria, Tae Chung, Faisal I. Hai, Tesfaalem Haile, Mohamed Almamun, Bipro Ranjan Dhar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A two-step sidestream process was investigated for nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) recovery from digested sludge centrate. In the first step, a dual-chamber microbial electrolysis cell (MEC) was used for N recovery on the cathode. In the second step, P was recovered as solid precipitates by the addition of Ca2+ or Mg2+ salts in the anodic effluent. The operation of MEC with centrate indicate that N transport from the anode to the cathode chamber is primarily driven by anodic electron transport rather than diffusional transport. Low concentration of readily biodegradable organics in centrate significantly hindered current density (<0.15 A/m2) and led to trivial N recovery on the cathode chamber. The addition of primary sludge fermentation liquor (25 vol%) with centrate as an exogenous source of readily biodegradable organics substantially increased current density up to 6.4 A/m2, along with high TAN removal efficiency of 53 ± 5%. The energy requirement was calculated at 5.8 ± 0.1 kWh/kg-TAN; however, the recovered H2 gas from the cathode was adequate to offset this energy input completely. The addition of Ca2+ salt at a Ca:P molar ratio of 3:1 was optimum for P recovery from the anodic effluent; Mg:P molar ratio of 2:1 was found to be optimum for Mg2+ salt addition. However, optimum doses of both salts resulted in maximum P recovery efficiency of ∼85%, while Mg2+ addition provided an additional 38% TAN removal. These results demonstrate that microbial electrolysis followed by chemical precipitation can promote sustainable nutrients recovery from centrate at municipal wastewater treatment plants where sludge fermentation has already been adopted to provide readily biodegradable carbon source in the biological nutrient removal process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)256-265
Number of pages10
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume361
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2019

Fingerprint

precipitation (chemistry)
Electrolysis
Nutrients
electrokinesis
Triacetoneamine-N-Oxyl
Recovery
nutrient
Cathodes
Regenerative fuel cells
Salts
salt
density current
Fermentation
fermentation
Effluents
Current density
sludge
effluent
Wastewater treatment
Phosphorus

Keywords

  • Chemical precipitation
  • Digested sludge centrate
  • Microbial electrolysis cell
  • Nitrogen and Phosphorus recovery
  • Sidestream process
  • Sludge fermentation liquor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Microbial electrolysis followed by chemical precipitation for effective nutrients recovery from digested sludge centrate in WWTPs. / Barua, Sajib; Zakaria, Basem S.; Chung, Tae; Hai, Faisal I.; Haile, Tesfaalem; Almamun, Mohamed; Dhar, Bipro Ranjan.

In: Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 361, 01.04.2019, p. 256-265.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Barua, Sajib ; Zakaria, Basem S. ; Chung, Tae ; Hai, Faisal I. ; Haile, Tesfaalem ; Almamun, Mohamed ; Dhar, Bipro Ranjan. / Microbial electrolysis followed by chemical precipitation for effective nutrients recovery from digested sludge centrate in WWTPs. In: Chemical Engineering Journal. 2019 ; Vol. 361. pp. 256-265.
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abstract = "A two-step sidestream process was investigated for nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) recovery from digested sludge centrate. In the first step, a dual-chamber microbial electrolysis cell (MEC) was used for N recovery on the cathode. In the second step, P was recovered as solid precipitates by the addition of Ca2+ or Mg2+ salts in the anodic effluent. The operation of MEC with centrate indicate that N transport from the anode to the cathode chamber is primarily driven by anodic electron transport rather than diffusional transport. Low concentration of readily biodegradable organics in centrate significantly hindered current density (<0.15 A/m2) and led to trivial N recovery on the cathode chamber. The addition of primary sludge fermentation liquor (25 vol{\%}) with centrate as an exogenous source of readily biodegradable organics substantially increased current density up to 6.4 A/m2, along with high TAN removal efficiency of 53 ± 5{\%}. The energy requirement was calculated at 5.8 ± 0.1 kWh/kg-TAN; however, the recovered H2 gas from the cathode was adequate to offset this energy input completely. The addition of Ca2+ salt at a Ca:P molar ratio of 3:1 was optimum for P recovery from the anodic effluent; Mg:P molar ratio of 2:1 was found to be optimum for Mg2+ salt addition. However, optimum doses of both salts resulted in maximum P recovery efficiency of ∼85{\%}, while Mg2+ addition provided an additional 38{\%} TAN removal. These results demonstrate that microbial electrolysis followed by chemical precipitation can promote sustainable nutrients recovery from centrate at municipal wastewater treatment plants where sludge fermentation has already been adopted to provide readily biodegradable carbon source in the biological nutrient removal process.",
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T1 - Microbial electrolysis followed by chemical precipitation for effective nutrients recovery from digested sludge centrate in WWTPs

AU - Barua, Sajib

AU - Zakaria, Basem S.

AU - Chung, Tae

AU - Hai, Faisal I.

AU - Haile, Tesfaalem

AU - Almamun, Mohamed

AU - Dhar, Bipro Ranjan

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N2 - A two-step sidestream process was investigated for nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) recovery from digested sludge centrate. In the first step, a dual-chamber microbial electrolysis cell (MEC) was used for N recovery on the cathode. In the second step, P was recovered as solid precipitates by the addition of Ca2+ or Mg2+ salts in the anodic effluent. The operation of MEC with centrate indicate that N transport from the anode to the cathode chamber is primarily driven by anodic electron transport rather than diffusional transport. Low concentration of readily biodegradable organics in centrate significantly hindered current density (<0.15 A/m2) and led to trivial N recovery on the cathode chamber. The addition of primary sludge fermentation liquor (25 vol%) with centrate as an exogenous source of readily biodegradable organics substantially increased current density up to 6.4 A/m2, along with high TAN removal efficiency of 53 ± 5%. The energy requirement was calculated at 5.8 ± 0.1 kWh/kg-TAN; however, the recovered H2 gas from the cathode was adequate to offset this energy input completely. The addition of Ca2+ salt at a Ca:P molar ratio of 3:1 was optimum for P recovery from the anodic effluent; Mg:P molar ratio of 2:1 was found to be optimum for Mg2+ salt addition. However, optimum doses of both salts resulted in maximum P recovery efficiency of ∼85%, while Mg2+ addition provided an additional 38% TAN removal. These results demonstrate that microbial electrolysis followed by chemical precipitation can promote sustainable nutrients recovery from centrate at municipal wastewater treatment plants where sludge fermentation has already been adopted to provide readily biodegradable carbon source in the biological nutrient removal process.

AB - A two-step sidestream process was investigated for nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) recovery from digested sludge centrate. In the first step, a dual-chamber microbial electrolysis cell (MEC) was used for N recovery on the cathode. In the second step, P was recovered as solid precipitates by the addition of Ca2+ or Mg2+ salts in the anodic effluent. The operation of MEC with centrate indicate that N transport from the anode to the cathode chamber is primarily driven by anodic electron transport rather than diffusional transport. Low concentration of readily biodegradable organics in centrate significantly hindered current density (<0.15 A/m2) and led to trivial N recovery on the cathode chamber. The addition of primary sludge fermentation liquor (25 vol%) with centrate as an exogenous source of readily biodegradable organics substantially increased current density up to 6.4 A/m2, along with high TAN removal efficiency of 53 ± 5%. The energy requirement was calculated at 5.8 ± 0.1 kWh/kg-TAN; however, the recovered H2 gas from the cathode was adequate to offset this energy input completely. The addition of Ca2+ salt at a Ca:P molar ratio of 3:1 was optimum for P recovery from the anodic effluent; Mg:P molar ratio of 2:1 was found to be optimum for Mg2+ salt addition. However, optimum doses of both salts resulted in maximum P recovery efficiency of ∼85%, while Mg2+ addition provided an additional 38% TAN removal. These results demonstrate that microbial electrolysis followed by chemical precipitation can promote sustainable nutrients recovery from centrate at municipal wastewater treatment plants where sludge fermentation has already been adopted to provide readily biodegradable carbon source in the biological nutrient removal process.

KW - Chemical precipitation

KW - Digested sludge centrate

KW - Microbial electrolysis cell

KW - Nitrogen and Phosphorus recovery

KW - Sidestream process

KW - Sludge fermentation liquor

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