Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) infections are common among hospitalized patients in whom surgical/medical therapy provides easy and ample opportunity for infection. The present study was conducted to examine the incidence of MRSA amongst patients from burns and orthopaedic units which are high risk units, and to see the correlation of the risk factors associated with these infections. Four hundred and fifty patients from the above two units were included with complete clinical details. Pus samples/swabs were transported in glucose broth and subsequent identification of MRSA was based on standard techniques. The incidence of MRSA infection was found to be 17.5% while the nasal carriage of this pathogen was seen in 2.9% patients. The risk factors which were found to be significantly associated with these infections were prolonged hospital stay, (16.95+6.7d) previous history of hospitalization during the last three months(38%), intake of broad spectrum antibiotics within the last two weeks (39.2%), prior history of intake of any intravenous drug (6.3%) and carriage of staphylococcus aureus (30.3%) particularly MRSA (61.5%) in nose. Since these risk factors were found to be significant, it is therefore essential to control and prevent these factors to minimize the spread of these multi drug resistant MRSA infections.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2003|
- Risk factors
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Microbiology (medical)