Metacognitive performances of hearing students and of students who are deaf and hard-of-hearing on two types of measures: Visual-voiced and visual-visual stimuli

Yasser A. Al-Hilawani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)


A small sample of 20 hearing students and 20 students who are deaf and hard-of-hearing participated in this study, which compared their performances on two measures of metacognition. The first measure required participants to visually analyse real-life pictures and then to choose a response from four options (voiced or signed) indicating which was the best explanation of what was depicted. The second measure required participants to look at five pictures and then to point to the picture that was different. Results identified no significant differences between the performances of the two groups of students on either measure. Males in both groups performed at comparable levels on the two measures, whereas females who were hearing and those who were deaf or hard-of-hearing performed significantly better on the visual-voiced measure than on the visual-visual measure. Limitations of this study and recommendations for future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)331-339
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Disability, Development and Education
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2008



  • Deaf
  • Metacognition
  • Visual analyses
  • Voiced stimuli

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Education
  • Health Professions (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)

Cite this