HRMAS-NMR spectroscopy was used to assess the metabolic profile of sweet pepper (Capsicum Annum L.). One-dimensional and two-dimensional NMR spectra, performed directly on sample pieces of few milligrams, hence without any chemical and/or physical manipulation, allowed the assignment of several compounds. Organic acids, fatty acids, amino acids, and minor compounds such as trigonelline, C4-substituted pyridine, choline, and cinnamic derivatives were observed with a single experiment. A significant discrimination between the two sweet pepper varieties was found by using partial least-squares projections to latent structures discrimination analysis (PLS-DA). The metabolites contributing predominantly to such differentiation were sugars and organic and fatty acids. Also a partial separation according to the geographical origin was obtained always by analyzing the NMR data with PLS-DA. Some of the discriminating molecules are peculiar for pepper and contribute to define the overall commercial and organoleptic quality so that HRMAS-NMR proved to be a complementary analysis to standard tools used in food science and, in principle, can be applied to any foodstuff.
- Sweet pepper
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)