Maternal and neonatal outcomes of operative vaginal deliveries at a single tertiary center

Nihal Al Riyami*, Manar Al Salmiyah, Durdana Khan, Intisar Al Riyami

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: Our study sought to assess the maternal and neonatal outcomes of operative vaginal deliveries (OVDs) at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH). We assessed the proportion of OVDs along with the proportion of maternal and neonatal outcomes of kiwi OmniCup vacuum, metal cup vacuum, and forceps deliveries. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study in the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department at SQUH from June 2015 to March 2018. The hospital information system was utilized to obtain records of all women who delivered at SQUH by vacuum or forceps during the study period. We collected data on maternal demographics, maternal and neonatal outcomes, and total number of deliveries. Results: During the study period, 3.8% of deliveries were OVDs. The most common instrument used was the Kiwi OmniCup vacuum device. No significant difference was found between the type of tears and instrument used except perineal tears (p = 0.003), which was seen more in the vacuum group, particularly Kiwi OmniCup. Neonatal birth weight (p = 0.046) was significantly higher in the metallic vacuum cup group. Thirty-one neonates (6.6%) were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit, and most were born using Kiwi OmniCup vacuum (67.7%). Conclusions: OVD is an ideal alternative to cesarean section with fewer maternal and neonatal complications in women who cannot deliver spontaneously if performed by a well-trained obstetrician.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere263
JournalOman Medical Journal
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Delivery
  • Obstetric; Retrospective Studies; Vacuum Extraction
  • Obstetrical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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