Malignant multivessel coronary spasm complicated by myocardial infarction, transient complete heart block, ventricular fibrillation, cardiogenic shock and ischemic stroke

Viji S. Thomson, Osama Tariq, Hafidh Al Hadhi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Multivessel coronary spasm resulting to cardiogenic shock and malignant ventricular arrhythmias though rare has been reported in the literature. The disease seems to be more prevalent in Asians. There have been isolated reports of coronary spasm in patients with reactive airway disease. We report the first case of spontaneous multivessel spasm in a male patient with bronchial asthma of Arab ethnicity resulting in acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock, recurrent ventricular arrhythmias, and transient complete heart block. Literature review of similar cases suggests a strong association with bronchial asthma and a more malignant course in patients with reactive airway disease. The role of intracoronary nitroglycerin in proving the diagnosis even in patients in shock on maximal inotropic supports and intra-aortic balloon pump is highlighted and the importance of considering multivessel coronary spasm as a cause for acute coronary syndrome even in patients with conventional risk factors for atherosclerotic coronary artery disease is reinforced in the discussion of this case.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)296-298
Number of pages3
JournalOman Medical Journal
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Heart Block
Cardiogenic Shock
Spasm
Ventricular Fibrillation
Stroke
Myocardial Infarction
Cardiac Arrhythmias
Asthma
Nitroglycerin
Acute Coronary Syndrome
Coronary Artery Disease
Shock

Keywords

  • Acute coronary syndrome
  • Asthma
  • Cardiac arrest

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Multivessel coronary spasm resulting to cardiogenic shock and malignant ventricular arrhythmias though rare has been reported in the literature. The disease seems to be more prevalent in Asians. There have been isolated reports of coronary spasm in patients with reactive airway disease. We report the first case of spontaneous multivessel spasm in a male patient with bronchial asthma of Arab ethnicity resulting in acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock, recurrent ventricular arrhythmias, and transient complete heart block. Literature review of similar cases suggests a strong association with bronchial asthma and a more malignant course in patients with reactive airway disease. The role of intracoronary nitroglycerin in proving the diagnosis even in patients in shock on maximal inotropic supports and intra-aortic balloon pump is highlighted and the importance of considering multivessel coronary spasm as a cause for acute coronary syndrome even in patients with conventional risk factors for atherosclerotic coronary artery disease is reinforced in the discussion of this case.",
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