Magnitude and concurrence of anxiety and depression among attendees with multiple sclerosis at a tertiary care Hospital in Oman

Abdullah Al-Asmi, Salim Al-Rawahi, Zahir Saif Al-Moqbali, Yahya Al-Farsi, Musthafa M. Essa, May El-Bouri, Roopa P. Koshy, Arunodaya R. Gujjar, P. C. Jacob, Abeer Al-Hodar, Samir Al Adawi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Anxiety, depression and functional impairments are commonly reported by persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) but no data, to our knowledge, has emerged from an Arab Islamic population. The study aims to investigate the prevalence of anxiety, depression and related disabilities among PwMS attending tertiary care in Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH), one of the urban hospitals in Oman. Methods: Consecutive and consenting PwMS (n = 57) and healthy subjects (n = 53) completed the following measures: Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) which was used to measure anxiety (cut-point >7) and depression (>7); and Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) to measure the level of disability (≥5). Characteristics such as socio-demographic and clinical variables were also explored. Results: Fifty seven subjects with multiple sclerosis (MS) met the inclusion criteria. The majority of them were females who were 40years old or younger and the majority were employed and unmarried. Approximately 86% of the participants were using beta interferon, 96% scored ≥5 in EDSS. MS of the Relapsing-Remitting type constituted the majority of the cohort (94%). Approximately 35% and 51% endorsed symptoms of anxiety and depression respectively. The MS group scored significantly higher than controls on HADS measurements of depression and anxiety. Conclusion: Disability and symptoms of anxiety and depression are common among the PwMS attendees of tertiary care hospital in Oman. Such psychosocial variables have been largely unreported emerging from non-western populations. As these variables are strong indicators of the burden of MS, resolute effort is needed to address such psychosocial dysfunctions in the algorithms of care for PwMS in the Arab Islamic part of the world.

Original languageEnglish
Article number131
Pages (from-to)1
Number of pages1
JournalBMC Neurology
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 5 2015

Fingerprint

Oman
Tertiary Healthcare
Tertiary Care Centers
Multiple Sclerosis
Anxiety
Depression
Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis
Interferon-beta
Urban Hospitals
Disabled Persons
Population
Healthy Volunteers
Demography

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Arab/Islamic
  • Depression
  • Expanded Disability Status Scale
  • Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Oman

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Magnitude and concurrence of anxiety and depression among attendees with multiple sclerosis at a tertiary care Hospital in Oman. / Al-Asmi, Abdullah; Al-Rawahi, Salim; Al-Moqbali, Zahir Saif; Al-Farsi, Yahya; Essa, Musthafa M.; El-Bouri, May; Koshy, Roopa P.; Gujjar, Arunodaya R.; Jacob, P. C.; Al-Hodar, Abeer; Al Adawi, Samir.

In: BMC Neurology, Vol. 15, No. 1, 131, 05.08.2015, p. 1.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{adebfb5ea7dd482684f781514b3e109b,
title = "Magnitude and concurrence of anxiety and depression among attendees with multiple sclerosis at a tertiary care Hospital in Oman",
abstract = "Background: Anxiety, depression and functional impairments are commonly reported by persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) but no data, to our knowledge, has emerged from an Arab Islamic population. The study aims to investigate the prevalence of anxiety, depression and related disabilities among PwMS attending tertiary care in Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH), one of the urban hospitals in Oman. Methods: Consecutive and consenting PwMS (n = 57) and healthy subjects (n = 53) completed the following measures: Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) which was used to measure anxiety (cut-point >7) and depression (>7); and Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) to measure the level of disability (≥5). Characteristics such as socio-demographic and clinical variables were also explored. Results: Fifty seven subjects with multiple sclerosis (MS) met the inclusion criteria. The majority of them were females who were 40years old or younger and the majority were employed and unmarried. Approximately 86{\%} of the participants were using beta interferon, 96{\%} scored ≥5 in EDSS. MS of the Relapsing-Remitting type constituted the majority of the cohort (94{\%}). Approximately 35{\%} and 51{\%} endorsed symptoms of anxiety and depression respectively. The MS group scored significantly higher than controls on HADS measurements of depression and anxiety. Conclusion: Disability and symptoms of anxiety and depression are common among the PwMS attendees of tertiary care hospital in Oman. Such psychosocial variables have been largely unreported emerging from non-western populations. As these variables are strong indicators of the burden of MS, resolute effort is needed to address such psychosocial dysfunctions in the algorithms of care for PwMS in the Arab Islamic part of the world.",
keywords = "Anxiety, Arab/Islamic, Depression, Expanded Disability Status Scale, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Multiple Sclerosis, Oman",
author = "Abdullah Al-Asmi and Salim Al-Rawahi and Al-Moqbali, {Zahir Saif} and Yahya Al-Farsi and Essa, {Musthafa M.} and May El-Bouri and Koshy, {Roopa P.} and Gujjar, {Arunodaya R.} and Jacob, {P. C.} and Abeer Al-Hodar and {Al Adawi}, Samir",
year = "2015",
month = "8",
day = "5",
doi = "10.1186/s12883-015-0370-9",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
pages = "1",
journal = "BMC Neurology",
issn = "1471-2377",
publisher = "BioMed Central",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Magnitude and concurrence of anxiety and depression among attendees with multiple sclerosis at a tertiary care Hospital in Oman

AU - Al-Asmi, Abdullah

AU - Al-Rawahi, Salim

AU - Al-Moqbali, Zahir Saif

AU - Al-Farsi, Yahya

AU - Essa, Musthafa M.

AU - El-Bouri, May

AU - Koshy, Roopa P.

AU - Gujjar, Arunodaya R.

AU - Jacob, P. C.

AU - Al-Hodar, Abeer

AU - Al Adawi, Samir

PY - 2015/8/5

Y1 - 2015/8/5

N2 - Background: Anxiety, depression and functional impairments are commonly reported by persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) but no data, to our knowledge, has emerged from an Arab Islamic population. The study aims to investigate the prevalence of anxiety, depression and related disabilities among PwMS attending tertiary care in Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH), one of the urban hospitals in Oman. Methods: Consecutive and consenting PwMS (n = 57) and healthy subjects (n = 53) completed the following measures: Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) which was used to measure anxiety (cut-point >7) and depression (>7); and Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) to measure the level of disability (≥5). Characteristics such as socio-demographic and clinical variables were also explored. Results: Fifty seven subjects with multiple sclerosis (MS) met the inclusion criteria. The majority of them were females who were 40years old or younger and the majority were employed and unmarried. Approximately 86% of the participants were using beta interferon, 96% scored ≥5 in EDSS. MS of the Relapsing-Remitting type constituted the majority of the cohort (94%). Approximately 35% and 51% endorsed symptoms of anxiety and depression respectively. The MS group scored significantly higher than controls on HADS measurements of depression and anxiety. Conclusion: Disability and symptoms of anxiety and depression are common among the PwMS attendees of tertiary care hospital in Oman. Such psychosocial variables have been largely unreported emerging from non-western populations. As these variables are strong indicators of the burden of MS, resolute effort is needed to address such psychosocial dysfunctions in the algorithms of care for PwMS in the Arab Islamic part of the world.

AB - Background: Anxiety, depression and functional impairments are commonly reported by persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) but no data, to our knowledge, has emerged from an Arab Islamic population. The study aims to investigate the prevalence of anxiety, depression and related disabilities among PwMS attending tertiary care in Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH), one of the urban hospitals in Oman. Methods: Consecutive and consenting PwMS (n = 57) and healthy subjects (n = 53) completed the following measures: Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) which was used to measure anxiety (cut-point >7) and depression (>7); and Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) to measure the level of disability (≥5). Characteristics such as socio-demographic and clinical variables were also explored. Results: Fifty seven subjects with multiple sclerosis (MS) met the inclusion criteria. The majority of them were females who were 40years old or younger and the majority were employed and unmarried. Approximately 86% of the participants were using beta interferon, 96% scored ≥5 in EDSS. MS of the Relapsing-Remitting type constituted the majority of the cohort (94%). Approximately 35% and 51% endorsed symptoms of anxiety and depression respectively. The MS group scored significantly higher than controls on HADS measurements of depression and anxiety. Conclusion: Disability and symptoms of anxiety and depression are common among the PwMS attendees of tertiary care hospital in Oman. Such psychosocial variables have been largely unreported emerging from non-western populations. As these variables are strong indicators of the burden of MS, resolute effort is needed to address such psychosocial dysfunctions in the algorithms of care for PwMS in the Arab Islamic part of the world.

KW - Anxiety

KW - Arab/Islamic

KW - Depression

KW - Expanded Disability Status Scale

KW - Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale

KW - Multiple Sclerosis

KW - Oman

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84939459756&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84939459756&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1186/s12883-015-0370-9

DO - 10.1186/s12883-015-0370-9

M3 - Article

VL - 15

SP - 1

JO - BMC Neurology

JF - BMC Neurology

SN - 1471-2377

IS - 1

M1 - 131

ER -