Mössbauer and magnetic studies of Mg1+2xSb xFe2-3xO4 spinel ferrites

H. M. Widatallah, F. A S Al-Mamari, N. A M Al-Saqri, A. M. Gismelseed, I. A. Al-Omari, T. M H Al-Shahumi, A. F. Alhaj, A. M. Abo El Ata, M. E. Elzain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Spinel-related Mg1+2xSbxFe2-3xO 4 samples (x = 0.0, 0.05, 0.10, 0.15, 0.20, and 0.30) prepared using the conventional double sintering technique were investigated using 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy and magnetic measurements. Mössbauer spectra favor a cationic distribution of the form (Mg δFe1-δ)A[Mg 1+2x-δSbxFe1+δ-3x] BO4 among the tetrahedral-A and octahedral-B sites of the spinel structure. The cation distribution parameter (δ) was found to vary with the Sb5+ concentration (x). The Mössbauer hyperfine magnetic fields at both sites and the Curie temperatures of the ferrites decrease as x increases. This was attributed to gradual weakening in the magnetic exchange interaction as more Fe3+ ions are substituted by diamagnetic Sb5+ and Mg2+ ones. The sample with x = 0.30 exhibits short range magnetic order due to cationic clustering and/or superparamagnetism. The magnetization of all samples was found to be temperature-dependent implying that δ depends on temperature in addition to x. At low temperatures the substituted ferrites (x ≠ 0.0) unexpectedly exhibit higher magnetization values relative to that of the pure ferrite MgFe2O4. This behavior, while at variance with the Néel's model for ferrimagnetism, is explicable in terms of the spin canting mechanism proposed in the Yafet-Kittel model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-103
Number of pages7
JournalMaterials Chemistry and Physics
Volume140
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 15 2013

Fingerprint

Ferrites
spinel
ferrites
Magnetization
Ferrimagnetism
Superparamagnetism
ferrimagnetism
magnetization
Exchange interactions
Magnetic variables measurement
Curie temperature
Temperature
magnetic measurement
Ferrite
Cations
sintering
Sintering
Positive ions
Spectroscopy
Ions

Keywords

  • Crystal structure
  • Magnetic properties
  • Mössbauer spectroscopy
  • Oxides
  • Powder diffraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Mössbauer and magnetic studies of Mg1+2xSb xFe2-3xO4 spinel ferrites. / Widatallah, H. M.; Al-Mamari, F. A S; Al-Saqri, N. A M; Gismelseed, A. M.; Al-Omari, I. A.; Al-Shahumi, T. M H; Alhaj, A. F.; Abo El Ata, A. M.; Elzain, M. E.

In: Materials Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 140, No. 1, 15.06.2013, p. 97-103.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Spinel-related Mg1+2xSbxFe2-3xO 4 samples (x = 0.0, 0.05, 0.10, 0.15, 0.20, and 0.30) prepared using the conventional double sintering technique were investigated using 57Fe M{\"o}ssbauer spectroscopy and magnetic measurements. M{\"o}ssbauer spectra favor a cationic distribution of the form (Mg δFe1-δ)A[Mg 1+2x-δSbxFe1+δ-3x] BO4 among the tetrahedral-A and octahedral-B sites of the spinel structure. The cation distribution parameter (δ) was found to vary with the Sb5+ concentration (x). The M{\"o}ssbauer hyperfine magnetic fields at both sites and the Curie temperatures of the ferrites decrease as x increases. This was attributed to gradual weakening in the magnetic exchange interaction as more Fe3+ ions are substituted by diamagnetic Sb5+ and Mg2+ ones. The sample with x = 0.30 exhibits short range magnetic order due to cationic clustering and/or superparamagnetism. The magnetization of all samples was found to be temperature-dependent implying that δ depends on temperature in addition to x. At low temperatures the substituted ferrites (x ≠ 0.0) unexpectedly exhibit higher magnetization values relative to that of the pure ferrite MgFe2O4. This behavior, while at variance with the N{\'e}el's model for ferrimagnetism, is explicable in terms of the spin canting mechanism proposed in the Yafet-Kittel model.",
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T1 - Mössbauer and magnetic studies of Mg1+2xSb xFe2-3xO4 spinel ferrites

AU - Widatallah, H. M.

AU - Al-Mamari, F. A S

AU - Al-Saqri, N. A M

AU - Gismelseed, A. M.

AU - Al-Omari, I. A.

AU - Al-Shahumi, T. M H

AU - Alhaj, A. F.

AU - Abo El Ata, A. M.

AU - Elzain, M. E.

PY - 2013/6/15

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N2 - Spinel-related Mg1+2xSbxFe2-3xO 4 samples (x = 0.0, 0.05, 0.10, 0.15, 0.20, and 0.30) prepared using the conventional double sintering technique were investigated using 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy and magnetic measurements. Mössbauer spectra favor a cationic distribution of the form (Mg δFe1-δ)A[Mg 1+2x-δSbxFe1+δ-3x] BO4 among the tetrahedral-A and octahedral-B sites of the spinel structure. The cation distribution parameter (δ) was found to vary with the Sb5+ concentration (x). The Mössbauer hyperfine magnetic fields at both sites and the Curie temperatures of the ferrites decrease as x increases. This was attributed to gradual weakening in the magnetic exchange interaction as more Fe3+ ions are substituted by diamagnetic Sb5+ and Mg2+ ones. The sample with x = 0.30 exhibits short range magnetic order due to cationic clustering and/or superparamagnetism. The magnetization of all samples was found to be temperature-dependent implying that δ depends on temperature in addition to x. At low temperatures the substituted ferrites (x ≠ 0.0) unexpectedly exhibit higher magnetization values relative to that of the pure ferrite MgFe2O4. This behavior, while at variance with the Néel's model for ferrimagnetism, is explicable in terms of the spin canting mechanism proposed in the Yafet-Kittel model.

AB - Spinel-related Mg1+2xSbxFe2-3xO 4 samples (x = 0.0, 0.05, 0.10, 0.15, 0.20, and 0.30) prepared using the conventional double sintering technique were investigated using 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy and magnetic measurements. Mössbauer spectra favor a cationic distribution of the form (Mg δFe1-δ)A[Mg 1+2x-δSbxFe1+δ-3x] BO4 among the tetrahedral-A and octahedral-B sites of the spinel structure. The cation distribution parameter (δ) was found to vary with the Sb5+ concentration (x). The Mössbauer hyperfine magnetic fields at both sites and the Curie temperatures of the ferrites decrease as x increases. This was attributed to gradual weakening in the magnetic exchange interaction as more Fe3+ ions are substituted by diamagnetic Sb5+ and Mg2+ ones. The sample with x = 0.30 exhibits short range magnetic order due to cationic clustering and/or superparamagnetism. The magnetization of all samples was found to be temperature-dependent implying that δ depends on temperature in addition to x. At low temperatures the substituted ferrites (x ≠ 0.0) unexpectedly exhibit higher magnetization values relative to that of the pure ferrite MgFe2O4. This behavior, while at variance with the Néel's model for ferrimagnetism, is explicable in terms of the spin canting mechanism proposed in the Yafet-Kittel model.

KW - Crystal structure

KW - Magnetic properties

KW - Mössbauer spectroscopy

KW - Oxides

KW - Powder diffraction

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