Low prevalence of antibodies to human T-lymphotropic virus-I/II among blood donors in Eastern Saudi Arabia

Naglaa A. Fawaz, Hala Tamim, Wassim Y. Almawi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The seroprevalence of human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV)-I/II was assessed in 13,443 consecutive blood donors in eastern Saudi Arabia between 1998 and 2001. Screening by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and confirmation by Western blot resulted in 8 (0.060%) positive cases, of which 5 (0.056%) belonged to Saudi and 3 (0.113%) to non-Saudi donors. The majority of the HTLV-positive donations (6/8) were for patients, and none had a history of known risk factor for HTLV-I/II transmission. Although the very low prevalence of HTLV-I/II among Saudi donors does not support routine screening, screening of donors from other nationalities may be initiated, especially those from HTLV-I/II endemic areas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-191
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Infection Control
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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