Low-emission premixed porous inert media (PIM) burner system fueled with vegetable (rapeseed) oil using a flow velocity flame stabilization technique

Ayman Bakry, A. Al-Salaymeh, Ala H. Al-Muhtaseb, A. Abu-Jrai, D. Trimis, F. Durst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

One of the main targets of all current combustion systems, in addition to high efficiency and robust performance, is the ability to meet current and future pollutant emission regulations. In the present work, the suitability of vegetable (rapeseed) oil as a renewable, biodegradable, and environmentally friendly source of energy to operate porous inert medium (PIM) atmospheric burners was examined. A prototype integrated vaporizer system with a PIM burner based on the flow velocity flame stabilization technique was built and experimentally investigated. The operation was based on using two vaporizers working in a mutual mode, so that one of the vaporizers supplies the burner with the oil vapor while the other is cleaned. The PIM burner was successfully tested at power values from 5 to 20 kW, which correspond to a power modulation range of 1:6. Using a special oxidation cleaning technique, a free-residual vaporizer has been obtained. Qualitatively, a very good homogeneous and stable combustion shape across the burner was obtained. During the whole experiment, CO emissions recorded a zero value continuously for the whole range of power and relative air ratio tested. Furthermore, no flashback condition or smoke or soot formation was noticed during operation. The results of NOx and CO emission levels prove the high degree of repeatability and reliability of combustion with this new combustion technique in PIM burners. These results prove an excellent emission performance with respect to environmental pollution legislation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)288-294
Number of pages7
JournalEnergy and Fuels
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 21 2010

Fingerprint

Vegetable oils
Fuel burners
Flow velocity
Stabilization
Carbon Monoxide
Soot
Smoke
rapeseed oil
Cleaning
Oils
Pollution
Vapors
Modulation
Oxidation
Air
Experiments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fuel Technology

Cite this

Low-emission premixed porous inert media (PIM) burner system fueled with vegetable (rapeseed) oil using a flow velocity flame stabilization technique. / Bakry, Ayman; Al-Salaymeh, A.; Al-Muhtaseb, Ala H.; Abu-Jrai, A.; Trimis, D.; Durst, F.

In: Energy and Fuels, Vol. 24, No. 1, 21.01.2010, p. 288-294.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{c0776fdb1a884276a8a24e166b745c44,
title = "Low-emission premixed porous inert media (PIM) burner system fueled with vegetable (rapeseed) oil using a flow velocity flame stabilization technique",
abstract = "One of the main targets of all current combustion systems, in addition to high efficiency and robust performance, is the ability to meet current and future pollutant emission regulations. In the present work, the suitability of vegetable (rapeseed) oil as a renewable, biodegradable, and environmentally friendly source of energy to operate porous inert medium (PIM) atmospheric burners was examined. A prototype integrated vaporizer system with a PIM burner based on the flow velocity flame stabilization technique was built and experimentally investigated. The operation was based on using two vaporizers working in a mutual mode, so that one of the vaporizers supplies the burner with the oil vapor while the other is cleaned. The PIM burner was successfully tested at power values from 5 to 20 kW, which correspond to a power modulation range of 1:6. Using a special oxidation cleaning technique, a free-residual vaporizer has been obtained. Qualitatively, a very good homogeneous and stable combustion shape across the burner was obtained. During the whole experiment, CO emissions recorded a zero value continuously for the whole range of power and relative air ratio tested. Furthermore, no flashback condition or smoke or soot formation was noticed during operation. The results of NOx and CO emission levels prove the high degree of repeatability and reliability of combustion with this new combustion technique in PIM burners. These results prove an excellent emission performance with respect to environmental pollution legislation.",
author = "Ayman Bakry and A. Al-Salaymeh and Al-Muhtaseb, {Ala H.} and A. Abu-Jrai and D. Trimis and F. Durst",
year = "2010",
month = "1",
day = "21",
doi = "10.1021/ef9007888",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "288--294",
journal = "Energy & Fuels",
issn = "0887-0624",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Low-emission premixed porous inert media (PIM) burner system fueled with vegetable (rapeseed) oil using a flow velocity flame stabilization technique

AU - Bakry, Ayman

AU - Al-Salaymeh, A.

AU - Al-Muhtaseb, Ala H.

AU - Abu-Jrai, A.

AU - Trimis, D.

AU - Durst, F.

PY - 2010/1/21

Y1 - 2010/1/21

N2 - One of the main targets of all current combustion systems, in addition to high efficiency and robust performance, is the ability to meet current and future pollutant emission regulations. In the present work, the suitability of vegetable (rapeseed) oil as a renewable, biodegradable, and environmentally friendly source of energy to operate porous inert medium (PIM) atmospheric burners was examined. A prototype integrated vaporizer system with a PIM burner based on the flow velocity flame stabilization technique was built and experimentally investigated. The operation was based on using two vaporizers working in a mutual mode, so that one of the vaporizers supplies the burner with the oil vapor while the other is cleaned. The PIM burner was successfully tested at power values from 5 to 20 kW, which correspond to a power modulation range of 1:6. Using a special oxidation cleaning technique, a free-residual vaporizer has been obtained. Qualitatively, a very good homogeneous and stable combustion shape across the burner was obtained. During the whole experiment, CO emissions recorded a zero value continuously for the whole range of power and relative air ratio tested. Furthermore, no flashback condition or smoke or soot formation was noticed during operation. The results of NOx and CO emission levels prove the high degree of repeatability and reliability of combustion with this new combustion technique in PIM burners. These results prove an excellent emission performance with respect to environmental pollution legislation.

AB - One of the main targets of all current combustion systems, in addition to high efficiency and robust performance, is the ability to meet current and future pollutant emission regulations. In the present work, the suitability of vegetable (rapeseed) oil as a renewable, biodegradable, and environmentally friendly source of energy to operate porous inert medium (PIM) atmospheric burners was examined. A prototype integrated vaporizer system with a PIM burner based on the flow velocity flame stabilization technique was built and experimentally investigated. The operation was based on using two vaporizers working in a mutual mode, so that one of the vaporizers supplies the burner with the oil vapor while the other is cleaned. The PIM burner was successfully tested at power values from 5 to 20 kW, which correspond to a power modulation range of 1:6. Using a special oxidation cleaning technique, a free-residual vaporizer has been obtained. Qualitatively, a very good homogeneous and stable combustion shape across the burner was obtained. During the whole experiment, CO emissions recorded a zero value continuously for the whole range of power and relative air ratio tested. Furthermore, no flashback condition or smoke or soot formation was noticed during operation. The results of NOx and CO emission levels prove the high degree of repeatability and reliability of combustion with this new combustion technique in PIM burners. These results prove an excellent emission performance with respect to environmental pollution legislation.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77149120769&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77149120769&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1021/ef9007888

DO - 10.1021/ef9007888

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:77149120769

VL - 24

SP - 288

EP - 294

JO - Energy & Fuels

JF - Energy & Fuels

SN - 0887-0624

IS - 1

ER -