Labour productivity convergence and structural changes: simultaneous analysis at country, regional and industry levels

Amjad Naveed, Nisar Ahmad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)


Many structural changes have occurred in the European Union countries, for example, there have been changes in sectoral employment share, in the demand of goods due to technology, in trade patterns and in technology. These structural changes may affect the process of convergence. Most of the existing studies on convergence have ignored the role of structural change, which may have resulted in different conclusion. This study considers the role of structural change in testing labour productivity convergence and its speed at the country, region and industry levels simultaneously. The results show that conditional convergence exists at country, regional and industry levels. However, speed of convergence is different across different aggregation levels. Convergence speed at the regional levels is faster than at the country and industry levels. Furthermore, if we do not incorporate structural change, convergence speed may be over- or underestimated.

Original languageEnglish
Article number19
JournalJournal of Economic Structures
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2016



  • Convergence
  • Country
  • Labour productivity
  • Regional and industry
  • Structural changes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

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