Connaissances, attitudes et comportements souhaités concernant le dépistage du VIH et l'autoprotection

Une enquête auprès de femmes enceintes omanaises

Translated title of the contribution: Knowledge, attitudes and intended behaviours towards HIV testing and self-protection: a survey of Omani pregnant women

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Routine HIV testing of all pregnant women in Oman has been introduced without prior knowledge of women’s attitudes towards testing or their behaviour in the event of a positive test. This study recruited 1000 Omani pregnant women from antenatal clinics to explore their knowledge of HIV/AIDS, attitudes towards HIV testing and intended behaviours in the event of a positive test. Mother-to-child transmission was recognized by 86.6% of the women but only 21.0% knew that it was preventable and a few acknowledged the important role of antiviral drugs. Half of the women (51.9%) reported having been tested for HIV and 75.8% agreed about routine HIV testing for all pregnant women. A higher level of knowledge was significantly associated with a favourable intended behaviour related to voluntary testing, disclosure and seeking professional assistance in the event of a positive HIV test. The results are discussed in relation to opt-in and opt-out approaches to voluntary testing during pregnancy.

Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)614-622
Number of pages9
JournalEastern Mediterranean Health Journal
Volume20
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2014

Fingerprint

Pregnant Women
HIV
Oman
Disclosure
Antiviral Agents
Surveys and Questionnaires
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Mothers
Pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "Connaissances, attitudes et comportements souhait{\'e}s concernant le d{\'e}pistage du VIH et l'autoprotection: Une enqu{\^e}te aupr{\`e}s de femmes enceintes omanaises",
abstract = "Routine HIV testing of all pregnant women in Oman has been introduced without prior knowledge of women’s attitudes towards testing or their behaviour in the event of a positive test. This study recruited 1000 Omani pregnant women from antenatal clinics to explore their knowledge of HIV/AIDS, attitudes towards HIV testing and intended behaviours in the event of a positive test. Mother-to-child transmission was recognized by 86.6{\%} of the women but only 21.0{\%} knew that it was preventable and a few acknowledged the important role of antiviral drugs. Half of the women (51.9{\%}) reported having been tested for HIV and 75.8{\%} agreed about routine HIV testing for all pregnant women. A higher level of knowledge was significantly associated with a favourable intended behaviour related to voluntary testing, disclosure and seeking professional assistance in the event of a positive HIV test. The results are discussed in relation to opt-in and opt-out approaches to voluntary testing during pregnancy.",
author = "Al-Jabri, {A. A.} and Youssef, {R. M.} and Hasson, {S. S.} and M. Al-Belushi and Balkhair, {A. A.} and M. Al-Saadoon and M. Mathew and S. Al-Mahroqi and E. Said and Koh, {C. Y.} and Idris, {M. A.}",
year = "2014",
month = "10",
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language = "French",
volume = "20",
pages = "614--622",
journal = "Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal",
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T2 - Une enquête auprès de femmes enceintes omanaises

AU - Al-Jabri, A. A.

AU - Youssef, R. M.

AU - Hasson, S. S.

AU - Al-Belushi, M.

AU - Balkhair, A. A.

AU - Al-Saadoon, M.

AU - Mathew, M.

AU - Al-Mahroqi, S.

AU - Said, E.

AU - Koh, C. Y.

AU - Idris, M. A.

PY - 2014/10/1

Y1 - 2014/10/1

N2 - Routine HIV testing of all pregnant women in Oman has been introduced without prior knowledge of women’s attitudes towards testing or their behaviour in the event of a positive test. This study recruited 1000 Omani pregnant women from antenatal clinics to explore their knowledge of HIV/AIDS, attitudes towards HIV testing and intended behaviours in the event of a positive test. Mother-to-child transmission was recognized by 86.6% of the women but only 21.0% knew that it was preventable and a few acknowledged the important role of antiviral drugs. Half of the women (51.9%) reported having been tested for HIV and 75.8% agreed about routine HIV testing for all pregnant women. A higher level of knowledge was significantly associated with a favourable intended behaviour related to voluntary testing, disclosure and seeking professional assistance in the event of a positive HIV test. The results are discussed in relation to opt-in and opt-out approaches to voluntary testing during pregnancy.

AB - Routine HIV testing of all pregnant women in Oman has been introduced without prior knowledge of women’s attitudes towards testing or their behaviour in the event of a positive test. This study recruited 1000 Omani pregnant women from antenatal clinics to explore their knowledge of HIV/AIDS, attitudes towards HIV testing and intended behaviours in the event of a positive test. Mother-to-child transmission was recognized by 86.6% of the women but only 21.0% knew that it was preventable and a few acknowledged the important role of antiviral drugs. Half of the women (51.9%) reported having been tested for HIV and 75.8% agreed about routine HIV testing for all pregnant women. A higher level of knowledge was significantly associated with a favourable intended behaviour related to voluntary testing, disclosure and seeking professional assistance in the event of a positive HIV test. The results are discussed in relation to opt-in and opt-out approaches to voluntary testing during pregnancy.

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