Knowledge and perceptions of diabetes in a semi-urban Omani population

Mohammed A. Al Shafaee, Sulaiman Al-Shukaili, Syed Gauher A Rizvi, Yahya Al Farsi, Mushtaq A. Khan, Shyam S. Ganguly, Mustafa Afifi, Samir Al Adawi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

56 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Diabetes mellitus is a major public health problem in the Sultanate of Oman. This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge and perception of diabetes in a sample of the Omani general population, and the associations between the elements of knowledge and perception, and socio-demographic factors. Methods. The study was carried out in two semi-urban localities. A total of 563 adult residents were interviewed, using a questionnaire specifically designed for the present study. In addition to demographic information, the questionnaire contained questions on knowledge related to diabetes definition, symptoms, risk factors, complications and preventative measures, as well as risk perception for diabetes. Results. Knowledge of diabetes was suboptimal. The percentages of correct responses to questions on diabetes definition, classical symptoms, and complications were 46.5%, 57.0%, and 55.1%, respectively. Only 29.5%, 20.8% and 16.9% identified obesity, physical inactivity and a positive family history, respectively, as risk factors for diabetes. A higher level of education, a higher household income, and the presence of a family history of diabetes were found to be positively associated with more knowledge. Conclusion. This study demonstrated that there is lack of awareness of major risk factors for diabetes mellitus. Level of education is the most significant predictor of knowledge regarding risk factors, complications and the prevention of diabetes. Given that the prevalence of diabetes has increased drastically in Oman over the last decade, health promotion seems essential, along with other means to prevent and control this emerging health problem.

Original languageEnglish
Article number249
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Fingerprint

Urban Population
Oman
Diabetes Mellitus
Demography
Education
Diabetes Complications
Health Promotion
Public Health
Obesity
Health
Population
Surveys and Questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Knowledge and perceptions of diabetes in a semi-urban Omani population. / Al Shafaee, Mohammed A.; Al-Shukaili, Sulaiman; Rizvi, Syed Gauher A; Al Farsi, Yahya; Khan, Mushtaq A.; Ganguly, Shyam S.; Afifi, Mustafa; Al Adawi, Samir.

In: BMC Public Health, Vol. 8, 249, 2008.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{8a9259673fbe42c1920a47c33ade148a,
title = "Knowledge and perceptions of diabetes in a semi-urban Omani population",
abstract = "Background. Diabetes mellitus is a major public health problem in the Sultanate of Oman. This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge and perception of diabetes in a sample of the Omani general population, and the associations between the elements of knowledge and perception, and socio-demographic factors. Methods. The study was carried out in two semi-urban localities. A total of 563 adult residents were interviewed, using a questionnaire specifically designed for the present study. In addition to demographic information, the questionnaire contained questions on knowledge related to diabetes definition, symptoms, risk factors, complications and preventative measures, as well as risk perception for diabetes. Results. Knowledge of diabetes was suboptimal. The percentages of correct responses to questions on diabetes definition, classical symptoms, and complications were 46.5{\%}, 57.0{\%}, and 55.1{\%}, respectively. Only 29.5{\%}, 20.8{\%} and 16.9{\%} identified obesity, physical inactivity and a positive family history, respectively, as risk factors for diabetes. A higher level of education, a higher household income, and the presence of a family history of diabetes were found to be positively associated with more knowledge. Conclusion. This study demonstrated that there is lack of awareness of major risk factors for diabetes mellitus. Level of education is the most significant predictor of knowledge regarding risk factors, complications and the prevention of diabetes. Given that the prevalence of diabetes has increased drastically in Oman over the last decade, health promotion seems essential, along with other means to prevent and control this emerging health problem.",
author = "{Al Shafaee}, {Mohammed A.} and Sulaiman Al-Shukaili and Rizvi, {Syed Gauher A} and {Al Farsi}, Yahya and Khan, {Mushtaq A.} and Ganguly, {Shyam S.} and Mustafa Afifi and {Al Adawi}, Samir",
year = "2008",
doi = "10.1186/1471-2458-8-249",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
journal = "BMC Public Health",
issn = "1471-2458",
publisher = "BioMed Central",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Knowledge and perceptions of diabetes in a semi-urban Omani population

AU - Al Shafaee, Mohammed A.

AU - Al-Shukaili, Sulaiman

AU - Rizvi, Syed Gauher A

AU - Al Farsi, Yahya

AU - Khan, Mushtaq A.

AU - Ganguly, Shyam S.

AU - Afifi, Mustafa

AU - Al Adawi, Samir

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - Background. Diabetes mellitus is a major public health problem in the Sultanate of Oman. This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge and perception of diabetes in a sample of the Omani general population, and the associations between the elements of knowledge and perception, and socio-demographic factors. Methods. The study was carried out in two semi-urban localities. A total of 563 adult residents were interviewed, using a questionnaire specifically designed for the present study. In addition to demographic information, the questionnaire contained questions on knowledge related to diabetes definition, symptoms, risk factors, complications and preventative measures, as well as risk perception for diabetes. Results. Knowledge of diabetes was suboptimal. The percentages of correct responses to questions on diabetes definition, classical symptoms, and complications were 46.5%, 57.0%, and 55.1%, respectively. Only 29.5%, 20.8% and 16.9% identified obesity, physical inactivity and a positive family history, respectively, as risk factors for diabetes. A higher level of education, a higher household income, and the presence of a family history of diabetes were found to be positively associated with more knowledge. Conclusion. This study demonstrated that there is lack of awareness of major risk factors for diabetes mellitus. Level of education is the most significant predictor of knowledge regarding risk factors, complications and the prevention of diabetes. Given that the prevalence of diabetes has increased drastically in Oman over the last decade, health promotion seems essential, along with other means to prevent and control this emerging health problem.

AB - Background. Diabetes mellitus is a major public health problem in the Sultanate of Oman. This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge and perception of diabetes in a sample of the Omani general population, and the associations between the elements of knowledge and perception, and socio-demographic factors. Methods. The study was carried out in two semi-urban localities. A total of 563 adult residents were interviewed, using a questionnaire specifically designed for the present study. In addition to demographic information, the questionnaire contained questions on knowledge related to diabetes definition, symptoms, risk factors, complications and preventative measures, as well as risk perception for diabetes. Results. Knowledge of diabetes was suboptimal. The percentages of correct responses to questions on diabetes definition, classical symptoms, and complications were 46.5%, 57.0%, and 55.1%, respectively. Only 29.5%, 20.8% and 16.9% identified obesity, physical inactivity and a positive family history, respectively, as risk factors for diabetes. A higher level of education, a higher household income, and the presence of a family history of diabetes were found to be positively associated with more knowledge. Conclusion. This study demonstrated that there is lack of awareness of major risk factors for diabetes mellitus. Level of education is the most significant predictor of knowledge regarding risk factors, complications and the prevention of diabetes. Given that the prevalence of diabetes has increased drastically in Oman over the last decade, health promotion seems essential, along with other means to prevent and control this emerging health problem.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=49749149207&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=49749149207&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1186/1471-2458-8-249

DO - 10.1186/1471-2458-8-249

M3 - Article

VL - 8

JO - BMC Public Health

JF - BMC Public Health

SN - 1471-2458

M1 - 249

ER -