Involvement of Quebracho tannins in diet alters productive and reproductive efficiency of postpartum buffalo cows

Sobhy M.A. Sallam, Marwa F.A. Attia, Adel N.M. Nour El-Din, Samir Z. El-Zarkouny, Adel M. Saber, Hani M. El-Zaiat, Moustafa M. Zeitoun*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of 10 weeks supplementation of Quebracho tannins (QT; 0 [control], 100 [QT100] or 200 g/[cow·d] [QT200]) to 30 multiparous postpartum buffalo cows (10 cows per group) on milk yield and composition, blood metabolites and reproductive performance. Supplementation of QT100 had no significant effect on milk yield, whereas QT200 decreased (P < 0.05) this trait. Compared with the control group, both QT levels decreased (P < 0.05) fat-corrected milk (FCM) yield, but no significant effects were found on percentages of milk fat and protein. Contrariwise, yields of milk fat, lactose and milk protein were decreased (P < 0.05) when QT200 was supplemented. The solids nonfat (SNF) percentage and yield were decreased (P < 0.05) with QT100 supplementation. Moreover, QT tended to numerically reduce total number of ovarian follicles, number of small follicles, peripheral progesterone concentration and conception rate. Supplementation of QT200 numerically increased number of large follicles, mean diameter of large follicle, number and diameters of corpora lutea. The inclusion of QT200 shortened days open (DO) and decreased number of services per conception. Contrariwise, QT did not show significant effects on serum total protein, albumin, globulin, glucose, cholesterol and triglycerides concentrations. Supplementation of QT100 caused an increase (P < 0.05) of serum urea compared with that in control and QT200 groups. Generally, QT decreased (P < 0.05) serum creatinine concentration. Therefore, the supplementation of a commercial QT to early lactating Egyptian buffalo cows displayed negative consequences on their productive and reproductive performances.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)80-86
Number of pages7
JournalAnimal Nutrition
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019

Keywords

  • Blood metabolites
  • Buffalo
  • Conception rate
  • Milk traits
  • Ovarian follicles
  • Tannins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Animals
  • Animal Science and Zoology

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