Investigate Building Morphology to Self-shade Facades for Energy Reduction in Hot Climates Using Thermal Imaging Techniques

Meriem Rahmani*, Khaled Al Sallal, Omar Alkhatib, Maatouk Khoukhi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Creating sustainable buildings in hot climates requires specific consideration to the several stages of realizing the building (design, construction, usage, and demolition) to minimize the reliance on electricity for the provision of cooling and lighting. The design phase is more critical than other phases, during which most decisions that determine the building morphology are made. The priority in creating energy-efficient sustainable buildings should be given to the building form and facades' design. The impact of the building form and the building façade on energy consumption was studied separately while they are closely related, the morphology of the building shape, regardless of its compactness and geometry, can have a self-shading impact on the building façade and hence an impact on the overall energy performance. This research investigates the impact of pockets on the thermal behavior of the building using thermal imaging techniques for building diagnosis. Results of thermal imaging demonstrate that all pockets have a significant reduction in surface temperature regardless of the time, aspect ratio, and orientation of the pocket. Generally, the average reduction varies between 3%-30%. Pockets serve as vertical shading devices. Hence the most massive temperature reduction was recorded in East orientation during morning time and West orientation during the afternoon.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationZEMCH 2021 - 8th Zero Energy Mass Custom Home International Conference, Proceedings
EditorsKheira Anissa Tabet Aoul, Mohammed Tariq Shafiq, Daniel Efurosibina Attoye
PublisherZEMCH Network
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9789948310006
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes
Event8th Zero Energy Mass Custom Home International Conference, ZEMCH 2021 - Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Duration: Oct 26 2021Oct 28 2021

Publication series

NameZEMCH International Conference
ISSN (Electronic)2652-2926


Conference8th Zero Energy Mass Custom Home International Conference, ZEMCH 2021
Country/TerritoryUnited Arab Emirates


  • Building morphology
  • Pockets
  • Thermal imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Building and Construction
  • Architecture
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Computer Science Applications

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