Intramolecular and intermolecular ion-dipole interactions in sodium lauryl ether sulfates (SLES) self-aggregation and mixed micellization with Triton X-100

Mohamed Aoudia, Thurayia Al-Maamari, Fathiya Al-Salmi

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Abstract

Micellization of a series of sodium lauryl ether sulfate (SLES), C12H25(OCH2CH2)xO SO3Na, where x = 1 (CS130), 2 (CS230), and 3 (CS330) and their interaction with Triton X-100 in aqueous media were investigated by fluorescence quenching of (Ru(bipy)3 2+, 2Cl-) by 9-methylanthracene, conductivity, and surface tension measurements at room temperature. A similar critical micelle concentration (CMC) value of 0.80 mM was found for the three ethoxylated surfactants, well below the CMC of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) (8.2 mM), although the micelle ionization degree of SLES micelles were significantly higher (βion = 0.70) compared to the reported value in SDS micelles (βion = 0.18). This unexpected result was attributed to intramolecular and intermolecular attractive ion-dipole interactions between the sulfate ion (SO4 -) and the O → CH2 dipole of the oxyethylene (OE) group in SLES micelles. Also, the observed invariance of the CMC with the degree of ethoxylation was attributed to the fact that this ion-dipole interaction is effective only with the OE group linked to SO4 - (intramolecular attractive interaction) and the sulfate group of a given surfactant in SLES micelles with the OE group adjacent to the sulfate group of a nearby surfactant (intermolecular attractive interaction). Changes in CMCs with the composition of the mixture of SLES (CS130, CS230, and CS330) and Triton X-100 so determined were analyzed by applying Rubingh's regular solution theory to obtain a similar interaction parameter βM = -1.39, lower than the well-known corresponding interaction parameter in SDS/Triton X-100 reported in the literature (βM = -3.80). This difference in surfactant-surfactant interaction in the two mixed systems was attributed to the intramolecular and intermolecular ion-dipole attractive interactions in single SLES micelles, whereas such interactions are not occurring in SDS single micelles. This will be reflected by a relatively stronger self-repulsion between the sulfate groups in SDS micelles. In mixed micelles, the intramolecular ion-dipole attraction in SLES surfactants may have the dominant factor in the overall interactions between SLES surfactants and Triton X-100. Consequently, this may be reflected by a lower βM as determined from our results. Interestingly, the decrease of the CMCs for SLES/Triton X-100 systems was also independent of the degree of ethoxylation, suggesting that both intramolecular and intermolecular ion-dipole interaction in mixed micelles involves only the first OE group linked to the sulfate moiety.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-61
Number of pages7
JournalColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
Volume335
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 5 2009

Fingerprint

Micellization
Octoxynol
Micelles
sulfates
Ethers
ethers
Agglomeration
micelles
Sodium
sodium
Ions
dipoles
Surface-Active Agents
Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate
Sulfates
ions
Surface active agents
Sodium dodecyl sulfate
surfactants
interactions

Keywords

  • Critical micelle concentration
  • Intramolecular and intermolecular interaction
  • Ion-dipole interaction
  • Micelle ionization degree
  • Mixed micellization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Cite this

@article{79caef999e2248b594fb8801bd4bf358,
title = "Intramolecular and intermolecular ion-dipole interactions in sodium lauryl ether sulfates (SLES) self-aggregation and mixed micellization with Triton X-100",
abstract = "Micellization of a series of sodium lauryl ether sulfate (SLES), C12H25(OCH2CH2)xO SO3Na, where x = 1 (CS130), 2 (CS230), and 3 (CS330) and their interaction with Triton X-100 in aqueous media were investigated by fluorescence quenching of (Ru(bipy)3 2+, 2Cl-) by 9-methylanthracene, conductivity, and surface tension measurements at room temperature. A similar critical micelle concentration (CMC) value of 0.80 mM was found for the three ethoxylated surfactants, well below the CMC of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) (8.2 mM), although the micelle ionization degree of SLES micelles were significantly higher (βion = 0.70) compared to the reported value in SDS micelles (βion = 0.18). This unexpected result was attributed to intramolecular and intermolecular attractive ion-dipole interactions between the sulfate ion (SO4 -) and the O → CH2 dipole of the oxyethylene (OE) group in SLES micelles. Also, the observed invariance of the CMC with the degree of ethoxylation was attributed to the fact that this ion-dipole interaction is effective only with the OE group linked to SO4 - (intramolecular attractive interaction) and the sulfate group of a given surfactant in SLES micelles with the OE group adjacent to the sulfate group of a nearby surfactant (intermolecular attractive interaction). Changes in CMCs with the composition of the mixture of SLES (CS130, CS230, and CS330) and Triton X-100 so determined were analyzed by applying Rubingh's regular solution theory to obtain a similar interaction parameter βM = -1.39, lower than the well-known corresponding interaction parameter in SDS/Triton X-100 reported in the literature (βM = -3.80). This difference in surfactant-surfactant interaction in the two mixed systems was attributed to the intramolecular and intermolecular ion-dipole attractive interactions in single SLES micelles, whereas such interactions are not occurring in SDS single micelles. This will be reflected by a relatively stronger self-repulsion between the sulfate groups in SDS micelles. In mixed micelles, the intramolecular ion-dipole attraction in SLES surfactants may have the dominant factor in the overall interactions between SLES surfactants and Triton X-100. Consequently, this may be reflected by a lower βM as determined from our results. Interestingly, the decrease of the CMCs for SLES/Triton X-100 systems was also independent of the degree of ethoxylation, suggesting that both intramolecular and intermolecular ion-dipole interaction in mixed micelles involves only the first OE group linked to the sulfate moiety.",
keywords = "Critical micelle concentration, Intramolecular and intermolecular interaction, Ion-dipole interaction, Micelle ionization degree, Mixed micellization",
author = "Mohamed Aoudia and Thurayia Al-Maamari and Fathiya Al-Salmi",
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T1 - Intramolecular and intermolecular ion-dipole interactions in sodium lauryl ether sulfates (SLES) self-aggregation and mixed micellization with Triton X-100

AU - Aoudia, Mohamed

AU - Al-Maamari, Thurayia

AU - Al-Salmi, Fathiya

PY - 2009/3/5

Y1 - 2009/3/5

N2 - Micellization of a series of sodium lauryl ether sulfate (SLES), C12H25(OCH2CH2)xO SO3Na, where x = 1 (CS130), 2 (CS230), and 3 (CS330) and their interaction with Triton X-100 in aqueous media were investigated by fluorescence quenching of (Ru(bipy)3 2+, 2Cl-) by 9-methylanthracene, conductivity, and surface tension measurements at room temperature. A similar critical micelle concentration (CMC) value of 0.80 mM was found for the three ethoxylated surfactants, well below the CMC of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) (8.2 mM), although the micelle ionization degree of SLES micelles were significantly higher (βion = 0.70) compared to the reported value in SDS micelles (βion = 0.18). This unexpected result was attributed to intramolecular and intermolecular attractive ion-dipole interactions between the sulfate ion (SO4 -) and the O → CH2 dipole of the oxyethylene (OE) group in SLES micelles. Also, the observed invariance of the CMC with the degree of ethoxylation was attributed to the fact that this ion-dipole interaction is effective only with the OE group linked to SO4 - (intramolecular attractive interaction) and the sulfate group of a given surfactant in SLES micelles with the OE group adjacent to the sulfate group of a nearby surfactant (intermolecular attractive interaction). Changes in CMCs with the composition of the mixture of SLES (CS130, CS230, and CS330) and Triton X-100 so determined were analyzed by applying Rubingh's regular solution theory to obtain a similar interaction parameter βM = -1.39, lower than the well-known corresponding interaction parameter in SDS/Triton X-100 reported in the literature (βM = -3.80). This difference in surfactant-surfactant interaction in the two mixed systems was attributed to the intramolecular and intermolecular ion-dipole attractive interactions in single SLES micelles, whereas such interactions are not occurring in SDS single micelles. This will be reflected by a relatively stronger self-repulsion between the sulfate groups in SDS micelles. In mixed micelles, the intramolecular ion-dipole attraction in SLES surfactants may have the dominant factor in the overall interactions between SLES surfactants and Triton X-100. Consequently, this may be reflected by a lower βM as determined from our results. Interestingly, the decrease of the CMCs for SLES/Triton X-100 systems was also independent of the degree of ethoxylation, suggesting that both intramolecular and intermolecular ion-dipole interaction in mixed micelles involves only the first OE group linked to the sulfate moiety.

AB - Micellization of a series of sodium lauryl ether sulfate (SLES), C12H25(OCH2CH2)xO SO3Na, where x = 1 (CS130), 2 (CS230), and 3 (CS330) and their interaction with Triton X-100 in aqueous media were investigated by fluorescence quenching of (Ru(bipy)3 2+, 2Cl-) by 9-methylanthracene, conductivity, and surface tension measurements at room temperature. A similar critical micelle concentration (CMC) value of 0.80 mM was found for the three ethoxylated surfactants, well below the CMC of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) (8.2 mM), although the micelle ionization degree of SLES micelles were significantly higher (βion = 0.70) compared to the reported value in SDS micelles (βion = 0.18). This unexpected result was attributed to intramolecular and intermolecular attractive ion-dipole interactions between the sulfate ion (SO4 -) and the O → CH2 dipole of the oxyethylene (OE) group in SLES micelles. Also, the observed invariance of the CMC with the degree of ethoxylation was attributed to the fact that this ion-dipole interaction is effective only with the OE group linked to SO4 - (intramolecular attractive interaction) and the sulfate group of a given surfactant in SLES micelles with the OE group adjacent to the sulfate group of a nearby surfactant (intermolecular attractive interaction). Changes in CMCs with the composition of the mixture of SLES (CS130, CS230, and CS330) and Triton X-100 so determined were analyzed by applying Rubingh's regular solution theory to obtain a similar interaction parameter βM = -1.39, lower than the well-known corresponding interaction parameter in SDS/Triton X-100 reported in the literature (βM = -3.80). This difference in surfactant-surfactant interaction in the two mixed systems was attributed to the intramolecular and intermolecular ion-dipole attractive interactions in single SLES micelles, whereas such interactions are not occurring in SDS single micelles. This will be reflected by a relatively stronger self-repulsion between the sulfate groups in SDS micelles. In mixed micelles, the intramolecular ion-dipole attraction in SLES surfactants may have the dominant factor in the overall interactions between SLES surfactants and Triton X-100. Consequently, this may be reflected by a lower βM as determined from our results. Interestingly, the decrease of the CMCs for SLES/Triton X-100 systems was also independent of the degree of ethoxylation, suggesting that both intramolecular and intermolecular ion-dipole interaction in mixed micelles involves only the first OE group linked to the sulfate moiety.

KW - Critical micelle concentration

KW - Intramolecular and intermolecular interaction

KW - Ion-dipole interaction

KW - Micelle ionization degree

KW - Mixed micellization

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