International cooperation, production side emissions and environmental sustainability

Azmat Gani*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Rising greenhouse gases have contributed to global warming above the pre-industrial levels with detrimental effects on world climatic patterns. Extreme weather has inflicted drastic impacts, including loss of lives and livelihoods and economic disruption. However, collective international cooperation in adopting greenhouse gas emission mitigating measures can translate into long-run beneficial effects of improving environmental quality. This study examines if international environmental cooperation among the world's top ten polluters can reduce production side emissions. Design/methodology/approach: The panel estimation procedure was applied to data from ten top polluting countries from 2000 to 2019. Findings: The results revealed a statistically significant inverse association between a nation's commitments to international environmental treaties and carbon dioxide emissions. Other than confirming the environmental Kuznets curve effect, industrial intensification, international trade and law rule are other strong correlations of carbon dioxide emissions. Research limitations/implications: The main policy implication is the urgency for the leaders of the world's top ten polluters to actively cooperate in developing and implementing new production-side carbon emission measures as well as the implementation and enforcement of existing international treaties to minimize further environmental damage and let the countries in the lower ranks of carbon emissions to enjoy the long-run benefits of the decarbonized world. Originality/value: This study makes a new contribution to the environmental research literature by unfolding how collective global cooperation on environmental challenges can help reduce environmental damage in a coherent analytical framework. Peer review: The peer review history for this article is available at: https://publons.com/publon/10.1108/IJSE-09-2022-0598

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Social Economics
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023

Keywords

  • Carbon dioxide
  • Environment
  • Greenhouse gases
  • Industrial intensification
  • International cooperation
  • Top polluters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Economics and Econometrics

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