Infrared and structural studies of Mg 1-xZn xFe 2O 4 ferrites

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Abstract

Compositions of polycrystalline MgZn mixed ferrites with the general formula Mg 1-xZn xFe 2O 4 (0≤x≤1) were prepared by the standard double sintering ceramic method. The structural properties of these ferrites have been investigated using X-ray diffraction and infrared absorption spectroscopy. The lattice parameter, particle size, bonds length, force constants, density, porosity, shrinkage and cation distribution of these samples have been estimated and compared with those predicted theoretically. Most of these values were found to increase with increasing Zn content. The energy dispersive (EDS) analysis confirmed the proposed sample composition. The scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM) micrographs showed aggregates of stacked crystallites of about 200800 nm in diameter. Far infrared absorption spectra showed two significant absorption bands. The wave number of the first band, ν 1, decreases with increasing Zn content, while the band, ν 2 shifts linearly towards higher wave numbers with Zn contents, over the whole composition range. The room temperature electrical resistivity was found to decrease as Zn-content increases. Values of the vacancy model parameters showed that the packing factors P a and P b decrease, the fulfillment coefficient, α, remains almost constant and the vacancy parameter, β, strongly increases with increasing Zn content in the sample. The small values of P a, P b, α and the strong increase of the vacancy parameter, β, indicate the presence of cation or anion vacancies and the partial participation of the Zn 2 vacancies in the improvement of the electrical conductivity in the MgZn ferrites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)795-804
Number of pages10
JournalPhysica B: Physics of Condensed Matter
Volume407
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 15 2012

Fingerprint

Ferrites
Vacancies
ferrites
Infrared radiation
Infrared absorption
infrared absorption
Cations
Absorption spectra
Electron microscopes
electron microscopes
Positive ions
Chemical analysis
absorption spectra
cations
electrical resistivity
Bond length
Absorption spectroscopy
Crystallites
shrinkage
Density (specific gravity)

Keywords

  • Electrical resistivity
  • Force constants
  • IR
  • MgZn Ferrites
  • Spinel
  • Vacancy model parameters
  • XRD

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Infrared and structural studies of Mg 1-xZn xFe 2O 4 ferrites",
abstract = "Compositions of polycrystalline MgZn mixed ferrites with the general formula Mg 1-xZn xFe 2O 4 (0≤x≤1) were prepared by the standard double sintering ceramic method. The structural properties of these ferrites have been investigated using X-ray diffraction and infrared absorption spectroscopy. The lattice parameter, particle size, bonds length, force constants, density, porosity, shrinkage and cation distribution of these samples have been estimated and compared with those predicted theoretically. Most of these values were found to increase with increasing Zn content. The energy dispersive (EDS) analysis confirmed the proposed sample composition. The scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM) micrographs showed aggregates of stacked crystallites of about 200800 nm in diameter. Far infrared absorption spectra showed two significant absorption bands. The wave number of the first band, ν 1, decreases with increasing Zn content, while the band, ν 2 shifts linearly towards higher wave numbers with Zn contents, over the whole composition range. The room temperature electrical resistivity was found to decrease as Zn-content increases. Values of the vacancy model parameters showed that the packing factors P a and P b decrease, the fulfillment coefficient, α, remains almost constant and the vacancy parameter, β, strongly increases with increasing Zn content in the sample. The small values of P a, P b, α and the strong increase of the vacancy parameter, β, indicate the presence of cation or anion vacancies and the partial participation of the Zn 2 vacancies in the improvement of the electrical conductivity in the MgZn ferrites.",
keywords = "Electrical resistivity, Force constants, IR, MgZn Ferrites, Spinel, Vacancy model parameters, XRD",
author = "Mohammed, {K. A.} and Al-Rawas, {A. D.} and Gismelseed, {A. M.} and A. Sellai and Widatallah, {H. M.} and A. Yousif and Elzain, {M. E.} and M. Shongwe",
year = "2012",
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T1 - Infrared and structural studies of Mg 1-xZn xFe 2O 4 ferrites

AU - Mohammed, K. A.

AU - Al-Rawas, A. D.

AU - Gismelseed, A. M.

AU - Sellai, A.

AU - Widatallah, H. M.

AU - Yousif, A.

AU - Elzain, M. E.

AU - Shongwe, M.

PY - 2012/2/15

Y1 - 2012/2/15

N2 - Compositions of polycrystalline MgZn mixed ferrites with the general formula Mg 1-xZn xFe 2O 4 (0≤x≤1) were prepared by the standard double sintering ceramic method. The structural properties of these ferrites have been investigated using X-ray diffraction and infrared absorption spectroscopy. The lattice parameter, particle size, bonds length, force constants, density, porosity, shrinkage and cation distribution of these samples have been estimated and compared with those predicted theoretically. Most of these values were found to increase with increasing Zn content. The energy dispersive (EDS) analysis confirmed the proposed sample composition. The scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM) micrographs showed aggregates of stacked crystallites of about 200800 nm in diameter. Far infrared absorption spectra showed two significant absorption bands. The wave number of the first band, ν 1, decreases with increasing Zn content, while the band, ν 2 shifts linearly towards higher wave numbers with Zn contents, over the whole composition range. The room temperature electrical resistivity was found to decrease as Zn-content increases. Values of the vacancy model parameters showed that the packing factors P a and P b decrease, the fulfillment coefficient, α, remains almost constant and the vacancy parameter, β, strongly increases with increasing Zn content in the sample. The small values of P a, P b, α and the strong increase of the vacancy parameter, β, indicate the presence of cation or anion vacancies and the partial participation of the Zn 2 vacancies in the improvement of the electrical conductivity in the MgZn ferrites.

AB - Compositions of polycrystalline MgZn mixed ferrites with the general formula Mg 1-xZn xFe 2O 4 (0≤x≤1) were prepared by the standard double sintering ceramic method. The structural properties of these ferrites have been investigated using X-ray diffraction and infrared absorption spectroscopy. The lattice parameter, particle size, bonds length, force constants, density, porosity, shrinkage and cation distribution of these samples have been estimated and compared with those predicted theoretically. Most of these values were found to increase with increasing Zn content. The energy dispersive (EDS) analysis confirmed the proposed sample composition. The scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM) micrographs showed aggregates of stacked crystallites of about 200800 nm in diameter. Far infrared absorption spectra showed two significant absorption bands. The wave number of the first band, ν 1, decreases with increasing Zn content, while the band, ν 2 shifts linearly towards higher wave numbers with Zn contents, over the whole composition range. The room temperature electrical resistivity was found to decrease as Zn-content increases. Values of the vacancy model parameters showed that the packing factors P a and P b decrease, the fulfillment coefficient, α, remains almost constant and the vacancy parameter, β, strongly increases with increasing Zn content in the sample. The small values of P a, P b, α and the strong increase of the vacancy parameter, β, indicate the presence of cation or anion vacancies and the partial participation of the Zn 2 vacancies in the improvement of the electrical conductivity in the MgZn ferrites.

KW - Electrical resistivity

KW - Force constants

KW - IR

KW - MgZn Ferrites

KW - Spinel

KW - Vacancy model parameters

KW - XRD

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