Influence of stenosis on hemodynamic parameters in the realistic left coronary artery under hyperemic conditions

Sarfaraz Kamangar*, Irfan Anjum Badruddin, A. Badarudin, N. Nik-Ghazali, Kalimuthu Govindaraju, N. J. Salman Ahmed, T. M. Yunus Khan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The current study investigates the hyperemic flow effects on heamodynamics parameters such as velocity, wall shear stress in 3D coronary artery models with and without stenosis. The hyperemic flow is used to evaluate the functional significance of stenosis in the current era. Patients CT scan data of having healthy and coronary artery disease was chosen for the reconstruction of 3D coronary artery models. The diseased 3D models of coronary artery shows a narrowing of >50% lumen area. Computational fluid dynamics was performed to simulate the hyperemic flow condition. The results showed that the recirculation zone was observed immediate to the stenosis and highest wall shear stress was observed across the stenosis. The decrease in pressure was found downstream to the stenosis as compared to the coronary artery without stenosis. Our analysis provides an insight into the distribution of wall shear stress and pressure drop, thus improving our understanding of hyperemic flow effect under both conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)365-372
Number of pages8
JournalComputer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 12 2017

Keywords

  • CFD
  • Coronary artery
  • non-Newtonian flow
  • stenosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Science Applications

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