Incidence, and Risk Factors for 28 Days Hospital Readmission: A Retrospective Study from Oman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: This study aims to evaluate the incidence of 28-days hospital readmission in a tertiary hospital in Oman and identify potential factors associated with increased risk of hospital readmission. Results: There were 200 patients admitted during the study period. The mean age was 58.6 (±19.3), and 106 patients (53.0%) were males. There were 48 patients (24%) had unplanned readmission within 28-days after discharge from the hospital. Patients with 28-days unplanned readmission were older (66.6 vs 56.0 years, p < 0.001) and had a longer length of hospital stay (6.0 vs 4.0 days, p < 0.001). Also, hypertension (77.1% vs 55.3%, p < 0.001), diabetes mellitus (64.6% vs 48.0%, p = 0.045), and comorbidity (≥ 3 comorbidities, [43.8% vs 23.8%, p = 0.005]) were more prevalent in the unplanned readmission group. Patients with poor functional status (43.7% vs 26.3%, p < 0.001), requiring feeding tube (25.0% vs 5.3%, p < 0.001), and with polypharmacy (75.0% vs 50.0%, p < 0.001) are at increased risk of readmission. Conclusions: 28-days of hospital readmission is prevalent in our health care setting. Old age, polypharmacy, comorbidities and poor functional status were associated with increased risk of hospital readmission. Therefore, evidence-based interventions are required to be implemented in our health care system to minimize the risk of hospital readmission.
Original languageEnglish
JournalOman Medical Journal
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Jun 2022

Cite this