In-vitro experimental study of histopathology of bone in vibrational drilling

Khurshid Alam, Ahmed Al-Ghaithi, Sujan Piya, Ashraf Saleem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Drilling is a common surgical procedure for fracture treatment and reconstruction in multiple surgical fields, including orthopaedics, neurology, and dentistry. Drilling delicate tissue (such as bone) with a hard metallic tool is considered notorious for inducing mechanical and thermal damage, which can adversely affect osseointegration and may weaken the bond between the bone and implant, or other fixative devices anchoring the bone. The aim of this study is to explore the benefits of vibrational drilling (VD) in overcoming the complications associated with conventional drilling (CD). Drilling tests were performed on fresh cortical bone with the intention of investigating the effect of a range of frequencies, in combination with drilling speed and feed rate, on biological damage around the drilling region using histological sections of skeletally mature bone. The study examined the most influential factors and optimal combination of parameters for safe and efficient drilling in bone. Results from Taguchi grey relational analysis showed that a lower drilling speed and feed rate combined with a frequency of 20 kHz were favourable parameters for safe drilling in bone. Accordingly, VD using controlled parameters may be an alternative to CD in bone surgical procedures.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMedical Engineering and Physics
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Drilling
Bone
Bone and Bones
Osseointegration
Fixatives
Neurology
Dentistry
In Vitro Techniques
Orthopedics
Hot Temperature
Equipment and Supplies
Tissue

Keywords

  • Bone drilling
  • Bone histology
  • Bone temperature
  • Drilling force
  • Statistical analysis
  • Vibrational drilling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering

Cite this

In-vitro experimental study of histopathology of bone in vibrational drilling. / Alam, Khurshid; Al-Ghaithi, Ahmed; Piya, Sujan; Saleem, Ashraf.

In: Medical Engineering and Physics, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{38108a2b23c344eaa235ecb6c173692f,
title = "In-vitro experimental study of histopathology of bone in vibrational drilling",
abstract = "Drilling is a common surgical procedure for fracture treatment and reconstruction in multiple surgical fields, including orthopaedics, neurology, and dentistry. Drilling delicate tissue (such as bone) with a hard metallic tool is considered notorious for inducing mechanical and thermal damage, which can adversely affect osseointegration and may weaken the bond between the bone and implant, or other fixative devices anchoring the bone. The aim of this study is to explore the benefits of vibrational drilling (VD) in overcoming the complications associated with conventional drilling (CD). Drilling tests were performed on fresh cortical bone with the intention of investigating the effect of a range of frequencies, in combination with drilling speed and feed rate, on biological damage around the drilling region using histological sections of skeletally mature bone. The study examined the most influential factors and optimal combination of parameters for safe and efficient drilling in bone. Results from Taguchi grey relational analysis showed that a lower drilling speed and feed rate combined with a frequency of 20 kHz were favourable parameters for safe drilling in bone. Accordingly, VD using controlled parameters may be an alternative to CD in bone surgical procedures.",
keywords = "Bone drilling, Bone histology, Bone temperature, Drilling force, Statistical analysis, Vibrational drilling",
author = "Khurshid Alam and Ahmed Al-Ghaithi and Sujan Piya and Ashraf Saleem",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.medengphy.2019.03.013",
language = "English",
journal = "Medical Engineering and Physics",
issn = "1350-4533",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - In-vitro experimental study of histopathology of bone in vibrational drilling

AU - Alam, Khurshid

AU - Al-Ghaithi, Ahmed

AU - Piya, Sujan

AU - Saleem, Ashraf

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Drilling is a common surgical procedure for fracture treatment and reconstruction in multiple surgical fields, including orthopaedics, neurology, and dentistry. Drilling delicate tissue (such as bone) with a hard metallic tool is considered notorious for inducing mechanical and thermal damage, which can adversely affect osseointegration and may weaken the bond between the bone and implant, or other fixative devices anchoring the bone. The aim of this study is to explore the benefits of vibrational drilling (VD) in overcoming the complications associated with conventional drilling (CD). Drilling tests were performed on fresh cortical bone with the intention of investigating the effect of a range of frequencies, in combination with drilling speed and feed rate, on biological damage around the drilling region using histological sections of skeletally mature bone. The study examined the most influential factors and optimal combination of parameters for safe and efficient drilling in bone. Results from Taguchi grey relational analysis showed that a lower drilling speed and feed rate combined with a frequency of 20 kHz were favourable parameters for safe drilling in bone. Accordingly, VD using controlled parameters may be an alternative to CD in bone surgical procedures.

AB - Drilling is a common surgical procedure for fracture treatment and reconstruction in multiple surgical fields, including orthopaedics, neurology, and dentistry. Drilling delicate tissue (such as bone) with a hard metallic tool is considered notorious for inducing mechanical and thermal damage, which can adversely affect osseointegration and may weaken the bond between the bone and implant, or other fixative devices anchoring the bone. The aim of this study is to explore the benefits of vibrational drilling (VD) in overcoming the complications associated with conventional drilling (CD). Drilling tests were performed on fresh cortical bone with the intention of investigating the effect of a range of frequencies, in combination with drilling speed and feed rate, on biological damage around the drilling region using histological sections of skeletally mature bone. The study examined the most influential factors and optimal combination of parameters for safe and efficient drilling in bone. Results from Taguchi grey relational analysis showed that a lower drilling speed and feed rate combined with a frequency of 20 kHz were favourable parameters for safe drilling in bone. Accordingly, VD using controlled parameters may be an alternative to CD in bone surgical procedures.

KW - Bone drilling

KW - Bone histology

KW - Bone temperature

KW - Drilling force

KW - Statistical analysis

KW - Vibrational drilling

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85064082384&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85064082384&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.medengphy.2019.03.013

DO - 10.1016/j.medengphy.2019.03.013

M3 - Article

JO - Medical Engineering and Physics

JF - Medical Engineering and Physics

SN - 1350-4533

ER -