In-vitro experimental analysis and numerical study of temperature in bone drilling

Khurshid Alam, Mushtaq Khan, Riaz Muhammad, Sayyad Zahid Qamar, Vadim V. Silberschmidt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Bone drilling is a common practice of surgical treatments in orthopaedics and traumatology. Penetration of a high-speed drill into bone tissue is accompanied by generation of a significant amount of heat. Cooling of the drilling region is necessary to avoid potential risk of thermal damage to bone. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to measure and predict bone temperature by conducting experiments and numerical simulations using cooling by means of irrigation at two different temperatures. METHODS: A series of experiments and numerical studies were performed to investigate the effect of cooling conditions on the rise in bone temperature in drilling. The temperature increase in bone was assessed for different drilling speeds and feed rates in the presence irrigation at 5°C and 25°C. RESULTS: Bone temperature was found to be strongly affected by the drilling parameters and cooling conditions. Irrigation with water at 5°C kept bone temperature well below the thermal threshold level. CONCLUSION: This study strongly recommends the use of irrigation at lower temperature for safe surgical incision.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)775-783
Number of pages9
JournalTechnology and Health Care
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 27 2015

Fingerprint

Drilling
Bone
Bone and Bones
Temperature
Irrigation
Cooling
Hot Temperature
Traumatology
In Vitro Techniques
Orthopedics
Experiments
Tissue
Water
Computer simulation

Keywords

  • bone drilling
  • experimental analysis
  • FE modelling
  • Orthopaedic
  • thermal necrosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biomaterials
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Information Systems
  • Health Informatics

Cite this

In-vitro experimental analysis and numerical study of temperature in bone drilling. / Alam, Khurshid; Khan, Mushtaq; Muhammad, Riaz; Qamar, Sayyad Zahid; Silberschmidt, Vadim V.

In: Technology and Health Care, Vol. 23, No. 6, 27.10.2015, p. 775-783.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Alam, Khurshid ; Khan, Mushtaq ; Muhammad, Riaz ; Qamar, Sayyad Zahid ; Silberschmidt, Vadim V. / In-vitro experimental analysis and numerical study of temperature in bone drilling. In: Technology and Health Care. 2015 ; Vol. 23, No. 6. pp. 775-783.
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