In vitro antimicrobial activity of zimmu (Allium sativum L. 'Allium cepa L.) leaf extract

V. K. Satya, R. Radhajeyalakshmi, K. Kavitha, V. Paranidharan, R. Bhaskaran, R. Velazhahan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The fungitoxic effect of various medicinal plants belonging to different families was evaluated in vitro on Rhizoctonia solani, the rice sheath blight pathogen. Of the various plant extracts, the leaf extract of zimmu (Allium cepa x Allium sativum) showed the maximum antifungal activity against R. solani and recorded an inhibition zone of 12 mm. The leaf extract of zimmu was also effective in inhibiting the growth of other agronomically important fungal and bacterial pathogens viz., Aspergillus flavus, Curvularia lunata, Alternaria solani, Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae, Xanthomonas campestris pv. malvacearum and Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri. The antimicrobial compound was dissoluble in methanol and the methanolic extract showed the absorption maxima at 210 nm and 230 nm. Phenolic compounds were present in greater amounts in methanol extract of zimmu. TLC analysis showed the appearance of two blue spots at R f= 0.65 and Rf= 0.90. The compounds eluted at R f= 0.65 and Rf= 0.90 by preparative TLC exhibited strong antifungal activity against R. solani.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-192
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2005

Keywords

  • Antimicrobial compounds
  • Medicinal plants
  • Rhizoctonia solani

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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