Improvement of the lightning shielding performance of overhead transmission lines by passive shield wires

Ibrahim A. Metwally, Fridolin H. Heidler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)


This paper addresses a numerical electromagnetic analysis of the influence of installing passive shield wires "extra ground wires" (EGW) underneath the bottom phase conductor on the lightning shielding performance of 765-kV, 3-phase, double-circuit transmission lines. The method of moment (MOM) is employed to model the whole structure in three dimensions except the lightning channel. The lightning channel is simulated by the well-known transmission-line model (TLM), where the influence of the lightning-channel-generated electric and magnetic fields (EMF) are taken into account. The lightning shielding performance with and without EGW is introduced and discussed, without ac energization and due to three distinct lightning strokes, namely, the negative first, the negative subsequent and the positive strokes. The produced voltages and currents in the phase conductors and ground wires as well as the voltage across the insulators are computed, with and without the EGW, due to different lightning current waveforms, locations and inclination of the lightning channel, and return-stroke velocities. The introduction of such EGW results in a significant improvement of the shielding effectiveness by reducing the lightning-produced voltages and currents in the phase conductors as well as the voltage across the insulators. Accordingly, a much lower transient overvoltages can be expected with less inadvertent outages of the lines, where the probabilities of flashover and back-flashover decrease, and the reliability enhances.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)378-392
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - May 2003



  • Electric and magnetic fields (EMF)
  • Extra ground wires (EGWs)
  • Insulator voltage
  • Lightning shielding
  • Numerical electromagnetic transient

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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