Impact of fugitive dust emissions from cement plants on nearby communities

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The objective of the study was to assess the impact of fugitive particulate emissions from a cement plant on a nearby community. High volume samplers were used for the determinations of total suspended particulate (TSP) concentrations at representative assessment points situated nearest to the cement site at three existing residential houses. Furthermore, dust impact arising from cement plant on the three existing residential houses was predicted using an air quality model (fugitive dust model, FDM). The emission rates of dust from various activities of the cement plant were estimated by using the emission factors technique. The measured (high sampler) and predicted (FDM) values of dust concentration were compared. The results of the study showed that the agreement between the 24-h average predicted and measured dust concentrations were excellent. Although the model under-predicted slightly the measured dust concentrations, yet the FDM was adequate for application at the cement plant. Furthermore, the spatial isopleths of TSP concentration for cement plant and its surrounding environment indicated that the predicted ground level of dust concentrations, close to the cement plant, exceeded the World Health Organization (WHO) guideline value of 120 μg/m3. This study was invaluable for locating areas nearby the cement plant that are at risk of approaching or exceeding guideline TSP concentrations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)338-348
Number of pages11
JournalEcological Modelling
Volume195
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 15 2006

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dust emissions
cement
dust
particulates
samplers
sampler
particulate emissions
emissions factor
air quality
World Health Organization

Keywords

  • Cement plant
  • Fugitive dust emissions
  • Fugitive dust model
  • High volume sampler

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecological Modelling
  • Ecology

Cite this

Impact of fugitive dust emissions from cement plants on nearby communities. / Abdul-Wahab, Sabah A.

In: Ecological Modelling, Vol. 195, No. 3-4, 15.06.2006, p. 338-348.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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