Impact of COVID-19 on vasooclusive crisis in patients with sickle cell anaemia

S. Alkindi*, R. A. Elsadek, A. Al-Madhani, M. Al-Musalhi, S. Y. AlKindi, G. Al-Khadouri, B. Al Rawahi, S. Al-Ruqeishi, J. Al-Yazeedi, Y. A. Wali, S. Al Shamakhi, M. Al Rawahi, A. V. Pathare

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: The study aimed to assess COVID-19 impact on the morbidity and mortality of vasooclusive crisis (VOC) in sickle cell anaemia (SCA) patients. Methods: A prospective cohort study of 100 SCA patients; 50 with COVID-19 (COVID group) and 50 without (non-COVID group). All patients signed written informed consent. Results: The COVID group had a significantly higher VOC episode median per year; 3 (IQR,1-6) vs 2 (IQR,2-12) (P < 0.05). The need for hospitalisation was similar in both groups. The non-COVID group had more history of culture-proven infection (P = 0.05). The COVID-group had more osteonecrosis (P < 0.05), splenic sequestration, splenomegaly and hepatic crisis (P = 0.05, 0.006, 0.02; respectively) and significantly higher (P < 0.05) symptoms of fever, cough, fatigue, abdominal pain and anosmia. Mean haemoglobin, lymphocyte subset, platelets, and reticulocytes were reduced in both groups, while lactate dehydrogenase and ferritin levels were significantly elevated. In the COVID group, the rise in white blood cell count, reticulocyte percentage, platelets and ferritin was subdued (P < 0.05). Two patients in the COVID group and 3 in the non-COVID group died; there was no statistically significant difference in mortality. Conclusions: Although COVID-19 may have triggered the onset of VOC, it did not significantly influence VOC-related morbidity or mortality in this SCA cohort.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-133
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Infectious Diseases
Volume106
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Coronavirus
  • COVID-19
  • SCA
  • Sickle cell anaemia
  • Vasooclusive crises

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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