Identification of AMPC B-lactamase-producing clinical isolates of Escherichia coli

Tanushree B. Gupta*, Malini Shariff, S. S. Thukral

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Indiscriminate use of β-lactam antibiotics has resulted in the emergence of β-lactamase enzymes. AmpC β-lactamases, in particular, confer resistance to penicillin, first-, second-, and third-generation cephalosporins as well as monobactams and are responsible for antibiotic resistance in nosocomial pathogens. Therefore, this study was undertaken to screen nosocomial Escherichia coli isolates for the presence and characterization of AmpC β-lactamases. The study also envisaged on the detection of inducible AmpC β-lactamases and extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) in AmpC β-lactamase-producing E. coli. Methods: A total of 102 clinical isolates of E. coli, were subjected to cefoxitin screening, and screen-positive isolates were further subjected to inhibitorbased detection method, phenotypic confirmatory test, disc antagonism test, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and isoelectric focusing (IEF). Results: In this study, 33% of E. coli were resistant to cefoxitin, of which 35% were found to be positive for AmpC β-lactamase by inhibitor-based phenotypic test. Of the AmpC-positive isolates, 83% were positive for ESBLs, whereas 25% were producing inducible AmpC β-lactamases. PCR and IEF showed CIT and EBC types of AmpC β-lactamases present in the tested isolates. Conclusion: Our study showed the presence of inducible AmpC enzymes and ESBLs in E. coli isolates and PCR identified more isolates to be AmpC producers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)357-361
Number of pages5
JournalAsian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • AmpC β-lactamases
  • Escherichia coli
  • Extended-spectrum β-lactamases
  • Inhibitor (boronic acid)-based test
  • Isoelectric focusing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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