Hydromagnetic slip flow of water based nanofluids past a wedge with convective surface in the presence of heat generation (or) absorption

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Abstract

Heat transfer characteristics of a two-dimensional steady hydromagnetic slip flow of water based nanofluids (TiO 2-water, Al 2O 3-water, and Cu-water) over a wedge with convective surface taking into account the effects of heat generation (or absorption) has been investigated numerically. The local similarity solutions are obtained by using very robust computer algebra software MATLAB and presented graphically as well as in a tabular form. The results show that nanofluid velocity is lower than the velocity of the base fluid and the existence of the nanofluid leads to the thinning of the hydrodynamic boundary layer. The rate of shear stress is significantly influenced by the surface convection parameter and the slip parameter. It is higher for nanofluids than the base fluid. The results also show that within the boundary layer the temperature of the nanofluid is higher than the temperature of the base fluid. The rate of heat transfer is found to increase with the increase of the surface convection and the slip parameters. Addition of nanoparticles to the base fluid induces the rate of heat transfer. The rate of heat transfer in the Cu-water nanofluid is found to be higher than the rate of heat transfer in the TiO 2-water and Al 2O 3-water nanofluids.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)172-182
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Thermal Sciences
Volume57
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012

Fingerprint

slip flow
Flow of water
heat generation
Heat generation
wedges
magnetohydrodynamics
Heat transfer
heat transfer
water
Water
Fluids
fluids
Boundary layers
boundary layers
slip
convection
Algebra
MATLAB
Shear stress
shear stress

Keywords

  • Convective surface
  • Free convection
  • Nanofluid
  • Similarity solution
  • Slip flow
  • Wedge

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

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title = "Hydromagnetic slip flow of water based nanofluids past a wedge with convective surface in the presence of heat generation (or) absorption",
abstract = "Heat transfer characteristics of a two-dimensional steady hydromagnetic slip flow of water based nanofluids (TiO 2-water, Al 2O 3-water, and Cu-water) over a wedge with convective surface taking into account the effects of heat generation (or absorption) has been investigated numerically. The local similarity solutions are obtained by using very robust computer algebra software MATLAB and presented graphically as well as in a tabular form. The results show that nanofluid velocity is lower than the velocity of the base fluid and the existence of the nanofluid leads to the thinning of the hydrodynamic boundary layer. The rate of shear stress is significantly influenced by the surface convection parameter and the slip parameter. It is higher for nanofluids than the base fluid. The results also show that within the boundary layer the temperature of the nanofluid is higher than the temperature of the base fluid. The rate of heat transfer is found to increase with the increase of the surface convection and the slip parameters. Addition of nanoparticles to the base fluid induces the rate of heat transfer. The rate of heat transfer in the Cu-water nanofluid is found to be higher than the rate of heat transfer in the TiO 2-water and Al 2O 3-water nanofluids.",
keywords = "Convective surface, Free convection, Nanofluid, Similarity solution, Slip flow, Wedge",
author = "Rahman, {M. M.} and Al-Lawatia, {M. A.} and Eltayeb, {I. A.} and N. Al-Salti",
year = "2012",
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T1 - Hydromagnetic slip flow of water based nanofluids past a wedge with convective surface in the presence of heat generation (or) absorption

AU - Rahman, M. M.

AU - Al-Lawatia, M. A.

AU - Eltayeb, I. A.

AU - Al-Salti, N.

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N2 - Heat transfer characteristics of a two-dimensional steady hydromagnetic slip flow of water based nanofluids (TiO 2-water, Al 2O 3-water, and Cu-water) over a wedge with convective surface taking into account the effects of heat generation (or absorption) has been investigated numerically. The local similarity solutions are obtained by using very robust computer algebra software MATLAB and presented graphically as well as in a tabular form. The results show that nanofluid velocity is lower than the velocity of the base fluid and the existence of the nanofluid leads to the thinning of the hydrodynamic boundary layer. The rate of shear stress is significantly influenced by the surface convection parameter and the slip parameter. It is higher for nanofluids than the base fluid. The results also show that within the boundary layer the temperature of the nanofluid is higher than the temperature of the base fluid. The rate of heat transfer is found to increase with the increase of the surface convection and the slip parameters. Addition of nanoparticles to the base fluid induces the rate of heat transfer. The rate of heat transfer in the Cu-water nanofluid is found to be higher than the rate of heat transfer in the TiO 2-water and Al 2O 3-water nanofluids.

AB - Heat transfer characteristics of a two-dimensional steady hydromagnetic slip flow of water based nanofluids (TiO 2-water, Al 2O 3-water, and Cu-water) over a wedge with convective surface taking into account the effects of heat generation (or absorption) has been investigated numerically. The local similarity solutions are obtained by using very robust computer algebra software MATLAB and presented graphically as well as in a tabular form. The results show that nanofluid velocity is lower than the velocity of the base fluid and the existence of the nanofluid leads to the thinning of the hydrodynamic boundary layer. The rate of shear stress is significantly influenced by the surface convection parameter and the slip parameter. It is higher for nanofluids than the base fluid. The results also show that within the boundary layer the temperature of the nanofluid is higher than the temperature of the base fluid. The rate of heat transfer is found to increase with the increase of the surface convection and the slip parameters. Addition of nanoparticles to the base fluid induces the rate of heat transfer. The rate of heat transfer in the Cu-water nanofluid is found to be higher than the rate of heat transfer in the TiO 2-water and Al 2O 3-water nanofluids.

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KW - Similarity solution

KW - Slip flow

KW - Wedge

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