Hydrogeological and economical simulations

Emergency water supply for Muscat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Urban water in Gulf Cooperation Council countries is principally supplied from desalination plants. However, desalination could be interrupted by natural hazards such as cyclones or harmful algal blooms. Four scenarios have been considered to help public institutions in Muscat to establish a water strategy for emergency situations. The numerical simulations of groundwater pumping have shown that the aquifer can supply emergency water in a safe way without any apparent risk of seawater intrusion to the Al-Khod Aquifer. The results show that Muscat can be easily supplied by emergency groundwater for up to 10 consecutive days with volumes varying between 24 and 71 l/cap/day at a low cost of US$0.18 per m3. Covering up to 66% of the total regular demand during an emergency is technically feasible but would bring the cost up to US$1.49 per m3 for groundwater and a cost of US$38.6 per m3 for storage reservoirs made of concrete. The cost per m 3 of using concrete reservoirs is close to the market price of bottled water. Finally, the Public Authority for Electricity and Water might think of decentralizing the water storage at house levels by requiring new houses to be equipped with reservoirs on the roofs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)340-357
Number of pages18
JournalWater Policy
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

water management
water supply
water
simulation
cost
groundwater
aquifer
costs
natural hazard
water storage
desalination
cyclone
roof
pumping
electricity
algal bloom
market price
public authorities
public institution
seawater

Keywords

  • Cost estimation
  • Groundwater
  • Natural hazards
  • Numerical simulations
  • Water emergency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Geography, Planning and Development

Cite this

Hydrogeological and economical simulations : Emergency water supply for Muscat. / Zekri, Slim; Al-Maktoumi, Ali Khamis; Abdalla, Osman A E; Akil, Jamila; Charabi, Yassine.

In: Water Policy, Vol. 16, No. 2, 2014, p. 340-357.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{cf03ae964a01454ebbf7240a5c311b4a,
title = "Hydrogeological and economical simulations: Emergency water supply for Muscat",
abstract = "Urban water in Gulf Cooperation Council countries is principally supplied from desalination plants. However, desalination could be interrupted by natural hazards such as cyclones or harmful algal blooms. Four scenarios have been considered to help public institutions in Muscat to establish a water strategy for emergency situations. The numerical simulations of groundwater pumping have shown that the aquifer can supply emergency water in a safe way without any apparent risk of seawater intrusion to the Al-Khod Aquifer. The results show that Muscat can be easily supplied by emergency groundwater for up to 10 consecutive days with volumes varying between 24 and 71 l/cap/day at a low cost of US$0.18 per m3. Covering up to 66{\%} of the total regular demand during an emergency is technically feasible but would bring the cost up to US$1.49 per m3 for groundwater and a cost of US$38.6 per m3 for storage reservoirs made of concrete. The cost per m 3 of using concrete reservoirs is close to the market price of bottled water. Finally, the Public Authority for Electricity and Water might think of decentralizing the water storage at house levels by requiring new houses to be equipped with reservoirs on the roofs.",
keywords = "Cost estimation, Groundwater, Natural hazards, Numerical simulations, Water emergency",
author = "Slim Zekri and Al-Maktoumi, {Ali Khamis} and Abdalla, {Osman A E} and Jamila Akil and Yassine Charabi",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.2166/wp.2013.187",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "340--357",
journal = "Water Policy",
issn = "1366-7017",
publisher = "IWA Publishing",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Hydrogeological and economical simulations

T2 - Emergency water supply for Muscat

AU - Zekri, Slim

AU - Al-Maktoumi, Ali Khamis

AU - Abdalla, Osman A E

AU - Akil, Jamila

AU - Charabi, Yassine

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Urban water in Gulf Cooperation Council countries is principally supplied from desalination plants. However, desalination could be interrupted by natural hazards such as cyclones or harmful algal blooms. Four scenarios have been considered to help public institutions in Muscat to establish a water strategy for emergency situations. The numerical simulations of groundwater pumping have shown that the aquifer can supply emergency water in a safe way without any apparent risk of seawater intrusion to the Al-Khod Aquifer. The results show that Muscat can be easily supplied by emergency groundwater for up to 10 consecutive days with volumes varying between 24 and 71 l/cap/day at a low cost of US$0.18 per m3. Covering up to 66% of the total regular demand during an emergency is technically feasible but would bring the cost up to US$1.49 per m3 for groundwater and a cost of US$38.6 per m3 for storage reservoirs made of concrete. The cost per m 3 of using concrete reservoirs is close to the market price of bottled water. Finally, the Public Authority for Electricity and Water might think of decentralizing the water storage at house levels by requiring new houses to be equipped with reservoirs on the roofs.

AB - Urban water in Gulf Cooperation Council countries is principally supplied from desalination plants. However, desalination could be interrupted by natural hazards such as cyclones or harmful algal blooms. Four scenarios have been considered to help public institutions in Muscat to establish a water strategy for emergency situations. The numerical simulations of groundwater pumping have shown that the aquifer can supply emergency water in a safe way without any apparent risk of seawater intrusion to the Al-Khod Aquifer. The results show that Muscat can be easily supplied by emergency groundwater for up to 10 consecutive days with volumes varying between 24 and 71 l/cap/day at a low cost of US$0.18 per m3. Covering up to 66% of the total regular demand during an emergency is technically feasible but would bring the cost up to US$1.49 per m3 for groundwater and a cost of US$38.6 per m3 for storage reservoirs made of concrete. The cost per m 3 of using concrete reservoirs is close to the market price of bottled water. Finally, the Public Authority for Electricity and Water might think of decentralizing the water storage at house levels by requiring new houses to be equipped with reservoirs on the roofs.

KW - Cost estimation

KW - Groundwater

KW - Natural hazards

KW - Numerical simulations

KW - Water emergency

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84899869474&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84899869474&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2166/wp.2013.187

DO - 10.2166/wp.2013.187

M3 - Article

VL - 16

SP - 340

EP - 357

JO - Water Policy

JF - Water Policy

SN - 1366-7017

IS - 2

ER -