Highly efficient Sr/Ce/activated carbon bimetallic nanocomposite for photoinduced degradation of rhodamine B

Gaurav Sharma, Dionysios D. Dionysiou, Shweta Sharma, Amit Kumar, Ala Al-Muhtaseb, Mu Naushad, Florian J. Stadler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the present paper, we report the synthesis of activated carbon supported strontium/cerium bimetallic nanocomposite (Sr/Ce/AC BNC) that has been prepared by simple microwave reduction method. X- Ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-Ray diffraction (XRD) and Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analyses were performed to characterize the fabricated Sr/Ce/AC BNC. Sr/Ce/AC BNC has been found to be efficient photocatalyst and has been explored for the degradation of rhodamine B under natural sunlight irradiation. The photocatalytic activity of Sr/Ce/AC was evaluated based on reaction kinetics to remove rhodamine B, chemical oxygen demand (COD), and total organic content (TOC). Hydroxyl radicals have been found to be the active participating species which was confirmed by using appropriate radical scavengers. Degradation intermediate products of rhodamine B has been identified using LC–MS and the reaction pathways were proposed and discussed in the manuscript. In short, this work provides a deep insight into the utilization of Sr/Ce/AC BNC as effective photocatalyst.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCatalysis Today
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

rhodamine B
Photocatalysts
Activated carbon
Nanocomposites
Degradation
Chemical oxygen demand
Cerium
Strontium
Reaction kinetics
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Microwaves
Irradiation
Transmission electron microscopy
X ray diffraction
Hydroxyl Radical
Scanning electron microscopy

Keywords

  • Bimetallic nanocomposite
  • Hydroxyl radicals
  • Intermediates
  • Photocatalytic degradation
  • Rhodamine B
  • Water treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Highly efficient Sr/Ce/activated carbon bimetallic nanocomposite for photoinduced degradation of rhodamine B. / Sharma, Gaurav; Dionysiou, Dionysios D.; Sharma, Shweta; Kumar, Amit; Al-Muhtaseb, Ala; Naushad, Mu; Stadler, Florian J.

In: Catalysis Today, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sharma, Gaurav ; Dionysiou, Dionysios D. ; Sharma, Shweta ; Kumar, Amit ; Al-Muhtaseb, Ala ; Naushad, Mu ; Stadler, Florian J. / Highly efficient Sr/Ce/activated carbon bimetallic nanocomposite for photoinduced degradation of rhodamine B. In: Catalysis Today. 2019.
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