High prevalence of hepatitis C virus among urban and rural population groups in Egypt

A. El Gohary, A. Hassan, Z. Nooman, D. Lavanchy, C. Mayerat, A. El Ayat, N. Fawaz, F. Gobran, M. Ahmed, F. Kawano, T. Kiyokawa, K. Yamaguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Hepatitis C is a major health problem for Egypt. The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of antibodies to hepatitis C virus among different population groups living in urban and in two different rural areas (Suez Canal and North Sinai) of Egypt. Secondary objectives were to study the possible association between multiple blood transfusions, haemodialysis or Schistosomiasis and the seroprevalence of antibodies to hepatitis C. A seroprevalence of hepatitis C virus in the urban blood donor population of 14.5% was found, confirming other reports. In the two rural areas of the Suez Canal and the North Sinai the seroprevalence was 14.4% and 15.5% respectively, showing a comparable seroprevalence in these three different populations. The seroprevalence was 70.4% in haemodialysis patients, 7.7% in health care workers, and 75.6% in thalassaemic children, thus a seroprevalence among multitransfused or haemodialysed patients comparable to the one described in many other countries. Schistosomiasis does not seem to play a role in the seroprevalence of this disease in Egypt.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-161
Number of pages7
JournalActa Tropica
Volume59
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Fingerprint

urban population
Hepatitis C virus
Urban Population
rural population
Egypt
Seroepidemiologic Studies
Rural Population
Population Groups
Hepacivirus
seroprevalence
hepatitis C
schistosomiasis
Hepatitis C Antibodies
hemodialysis
Schistosomiasis
rural areas
Renal Dialysis
blood transfusion
antibodies
health care workers

Keywords

  • Bedouin
  • Egypt
  • Epidemiology
  • Hepatitis C
  • Schistosomiasis
  • Sinai
  • Suez Canal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

El Gohary, A., Hassan, A., Nooman, Z., Lavanchy, D., Mayerat, C., El Ayat, A., ... Yamaguchi, K. (1995). High prevalence of hepatitis C virus among urban and rural population groups in Egypt. Acta Tropica, 59(2), 155-161. https://doi.org/10.1016/0001-706X(95)00075-P

High prevalence of hepatitis C virus among urban and rural population groups in Egypt. / El Gohary, A.; Hassan, A.; Nooman, Z.; Lavanchy, D.; Mayerat, C.; El Ayat, A.; Fawaz, N.; Gobran, F.; Ahmed, M.; Kawano, F.; Kiyokawa, T.; Yamaguchi, K.

In: Acta Tropica, Vol. 59, No. 2, 1995, p. 155-161.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

El Gohary, A, Hassan, A, Nooman, Z, Lavanchy, D, Mayerat, C, El Ayat, A, Fawaz, N, Gobran, F, Ahmed, M, Kawano, F, Kiyokawa, T & Yamaguchi, K 1995, 'High prevalence of hepatitis C virus among urban and rural population groups in Egypt', Acta Tropica, vol. 59, no. 2, pp. 155-161. https://doi.org/10.1016/0001-706X(95)00075-P
El Gohary A, Hassan A, Nooman Z, Lavanchy D, Mayerat C, El Ayat A et al. High prevalence of hepatitis C virus among urban and rural population groups in Egypt. Acta Tropica. 1995;59(2):155-161. https://doi.org/10.1016/0001-706X(95)00075-P
El Gohary, A. ; Hassan, A. ; Nooman, Z. ; Lavanchy, D. ; Mayerat, C. ; El Ayat, A. ; Fawaz, N. ; Gobran, F. ; Ahmed, M. ; Kawano, F. ; Kiyokawa, T. ; Yamaguchi, K. / High prevalence of hepatitis C virus among urban and rural population groups in Egypt. In: Acta Tropica. 1995 ; Vol. 59, No. 2. pp. 155-161.
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