Heavy-oil-recovery enhancement with choline chloride/ethylene glycol-based deep eutectic solvent

S. M. Shuwa, B. Y. Jibril, Y. M. Al-Wahaibi, R. S. Al-Hajri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Because of increasing energy demand, unconventional resources such as heavy oil are being explored and recovered. Enhanced-oilrecovery (EOR) methods such as surfactants and polymer flooding must be optimized and new chemicals must be designed to produce more oil. This paper introduces a new deep eutectic solvent (DES) that is based on choline chloride/ethylene glycol for EOR. As preliminary investigations revealed, different concentrations of DES solutions in brine (0 to 100 vol%) were characterized by measuring density, viscosity, conductivity, surface tension, and refractive index at different temperatures (25 to 55°C). Then, the effects of the DES/brine solutions on emulsification with oil phase, wettability alteration, oil/solvent interfacial tension (IFT), formation damage, and tertiary heavy-oil recovery were studied. Potential of the DES solution on enhancing heavy-oil recovery was explored by use of coreflood experiments. This was performed at reservoir condition (pressure = 1,200 psi, temperature = 45 to 80°C) with Berea sandstone core samples and fluids from the field of interest (formation brine and crude oil). An increase in IFT rather than a decrease was observed between the DES/brine solution and the oil. The spontaneous-water-imbibition tests suggested that a decrease in oil-wetness led to an increase in oil production. Approximately 52% of residual oil after waterflooding was recovered with the DES from the coreflooding. The results show an increase in oil recovery with reservoir temperature (6, 13, and 16% on the basis of initial oil in place at 45, 60 and 80°C, respectively). The interaction of the DES with the core materials did not lead to formation damage, as demonstrated by the permeability measurements of the DES/brine solution before and after injection. Viscous forces and wettability alteration were found to be the dominant mechanisms for the tertiary oil-recovery enhancement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-87
Number of pages9
JournalSPE Journal
Volume20
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2015

Fingerprint

heavy oil
Ethylene glycol
Eutectics
ethylene
Crude oil
chloride
Recovery
oil
brine
Surface tension
wettability
Wetting
Choline
Oils
damage
Well flooding
imbibition
temperature
Core samples
surface tension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

Cite this

Heavy-oil-recovery enhancement with choline chloride/ethylene glycol-based deep eutectic solvent. / Shuwa, S. M.; Jibril, B. Y.; Al-Wahaibi, Y. M.; Al-Hajri, R. S.

In: SPE Journal, Vol. 20, No. 1, 01.02.2015, p. 79-87.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Because of increasing energy demand, unconventional resources such as heavy oil are being explored and recovered. Enhanced-oilrecovery (EOR) methods such as surfactants and polymer flooding must be optimized and new chemicals must be designed to produce more oil. This paper introduces a new deep eutectic solvent (DES) that is based on choline chloride/ethylene glycol for EOR. As preliminary investigations revealed, different concentrations of DES solutions in brine (0 to 100 vol{\%}) were characterized by measuring density, viscosity, conductivity, surface tension, and refractive index at different temperatures (25 to 55°C). Then, the effects of the DES/brine solutions on emulsification with oil phase, wettability alteration, oil/solvent interfacial tension (IFT), formation damage, and tertiary heavy-oil recovery were studied. Potential of the DES solution on enhancing heavy-oil recovery was explored by use of coreflood experiments. This was performed at reservoir condition (pressure = 1,200 psi, temperature = 45 to 80°C) with Berea sandstone core samples and fluids from the field of interest (formation brine and crude oil). An increase in IFT rather than a decrease was observed between the DES/brine solution and the oil. The spontaneous-water-imbibition tests suggested that a decrease in oil-wetness led to an increase in oil production. Approximately 52{\%} of residual oil after waterflooding was recovered with the DES from the coreflooding. The results show an increase in oil recovery with reservoir temperature (6, 13, and 16{\%} on the basis of initial oil in place at 45, 60 and 80°C, respectively). The interaction of the DES with the core materials did not lead to formation damage, as demonstrated by the permeability measurements of the DES/brine solution before and after injection. Viscous forces and wettability alteration were found to be the dominant mechanisms for the tertiary oil-recovery enhancement.",
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