Healthy lifestyle behaviors are major predictors of mental wellbeing during COVID-19 pandemic confinement: A study on adult Arabs in higher educational institutions

Hashem A. Kilani*, Mo'ath F. Bataineh, Ali Al-Nawayseh, Khaled Atiyat, Omar Obeid, Maher M. Abu-Hilal, Taiysir Mansi, Maher Al-Kilani, Mahfoodha Al-Kitani, Majed El-Saleh, Ruba M. Jaber, Ahmad Sweidan, Mawaheb Himsi, Iyad Yousef, Faten Alzeer, Monther Nasrallah, Ayesha S. Al Dhaheri, Abdulsalam Al-Za'abi, Osama Allala, Laila Al-KilaniAsma M. Alhasan, Mohamed Ghieda, Yasir Najah, Saad Alsheekhly, Ahmad Alhaifi, Raghda Shukri, Jamal Al Adwani, Mostafa Waly, Laila Kilani, Leen H. Kilani, Ahmad S. Al Shareef, Areej Kilani

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Background: In the past infectious diseases affected the quality of lifestyle during home confinement. The study conducted examines the influence of home confinement during the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak on lifestyle, mental wellbeing, nutritional status, and sleeping pattern. Method: An online multicategorical questionnaire was distributed to collect demographic information combined with the following tools: Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), WHO-5 wellbeing score, and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). A snowball non-discriminate sampling procedure was conducted to collect data from people attending or working at higher institutions from March 1, 2020 to April 24, 2020. A total of 1723 completed responses (917 males, 37.4 ±13.4 years old and 806 females 32.2 ± 11.5 years old) were collected. Results: The female participants had significantly lower mental health scores than males (53.9% vs. 46.1%). The mental wellbeing scores were higher among participants with medium and high physical activity (PA) levels (p < 0.00). Additionally, the mental wellbeing scores were significantly improved by dietary quality and it's sleeping score (p < 0.001). However, PA was by far the major determinant of the mental health scores. Conclusion: Factors such as PA, diet, and sleeping patterns were associated with mental wellbeing during the COVID-19 confinement among Arab participants.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0243524
JournalPLoS One
Issue number12 December
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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