Hatred versus tolerance: The effect of the media on the notion of citizenship in Kuwait and Oman

Ali A. Dashti*, Hasan A. Johar, Saif Nasser Al-Maamari, Hamed H. AlAbdullah

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The wars in Syria, Iraq and Yemen, the crisis in Bahrain and the confrontation with Iran have created an environment of sectarianism in the region. This hostility has challenged the media to deal with the issue of citizenship (Al-Muwatana) in a responsible manner. This study applies Social Responsibility Theory to shed light on the role of print media in shaping the concept of citizenship in the Arabian Gulf, with reference to states that enjoy full or partial freedom, especially Kuwait and Oman. The results of this study show that Omani newspapers deal with citizenship positively when reporting news from Syria, Bahrain, Iraq, Yemen and Iran despite press censorship, while Kuwaiti print media, with its greater freedom of the press, is more negative on the topic of citizenship.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-291
Number of pages21
JournalGlobal Media and Communication
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Citizenship
  • Gulf states
  • media effect
  • print media
  • Social Responsibility Theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Communication
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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