Background and Purpose: Hand-assisted laparoscopic (HAL) renal surgery is an accepted standard of practice. We report our complications at the hand port-site incision in various HAL urologic procedures. Patients and Methods: Data and follow-up were complete for 54 patients who underwent HAL nephrectomy. HAL partial nephrectomy, or HAL nephroureterectomy at our institution from October 2001 to April 2003. A retrospective review of the patients' charts was performed to identify the incidence of postoperative hand port-site complications. The mean patient age was 59 years, and the mean follow-up was 5.4 months. Results: Five complications were observed in four patients (9.3%). One patient had a superficial wound infection (1.9%) and an incisional hernia (1.9%) that was surgically repaired. One patient had a superficial incisional breakdown that healed well after conservative measures. One obese patient with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease eviscerated through his hand-port incision after a coughing spell. This was repaired operatively, and the patient healed well with the aid of an abdominal binder. One patient developed an enterocutaneous fistula at her hand-port site that healed well after both operative and conservative management. Conclusions: The technique of HAL renal surgery is safe and effective. Complications associated with the hand-port incision exist, and as they become better defined, the surgeon may take extra steps toward their recognition and prevention.
ASJC Scopus subject areas