### Abstract

A group-theoretical discussion on the hypercubic lattice described by the affine Coxeter-Weyl group Wa (Bn) is presented. When the lattice is projected onto the Coxeter plane it is noted that the maximal dihedral subgroup Dh of W(Bn) with h = 2n representing the Coxeter number describes the h-fold symmetric aperiodic tilings. Higher-dimensional cubic lattices are explicitly constructed for n = 4, 5, 6. Their rank-3 Coxeter subgroups and maximal dihedral subgroups are identified. It is explicitly shown that when their Voronoi cells are decomposed under the respective rank-3 subgroups W(A 3), W(H 2) × W(A 1) and W(H 3) one obtains the rhombic dodecahedron, rhombic icosahedron and rhombic triacontahedron, respectively. Projection of the lattice B 4 onto the Coxeter plane represents a model for quasicrystal structure with eightfold symmetry. The B 5 lattice is used to describe both fivefold and tenfold symmetries. The lattice B 6 can describe aperiodic tilings with 12-fold symmetry as well as a three-dimensional icosahedral symmetry depending on the choice of subspace of projections. The novel structures from the projected sets of lattice points are compatible with the available experimental data.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 175-185 |

Number of pages | 11 |

Journal | Acta Crystallographica Section A: Foundations and Advances |

Volume | 71 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - Mar 1 2015 |

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### Keywords

- aperiodic tilings
- Coxeter-Weyl groups
- cut-and-project technique
- Lattices
- quasicrystallography
- strip projection

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Materials Science(all)
- Structural Biology
- Inorganic Chemistry
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Biochemistry