Global analysis of breast feeding and risk of symptoms of asthma, rhinoconjunctivitis and eczema in 6-7 year old children: ISAAC Phase Three

B. Björkstén, N. Aït-Khaled, M. Innes Asher, T. O. Clayton, C. Robertson, N. Aït-Khaled, H. R. Anderson, M. I. Asher, R. Beasley, B. Björkstén, B. Brunekreef, J. Crane, P. Ellwood, C. Flohr, S. Foliaki, F. Forastiere, L. García-Marcos, U. Keil, C. K W Lai, J. MallolE. A. Mitchell, J. Odhiambo, S. Montefort, N. Pearce, C. F. Robertson, A. W. Stewart, D. Strachan, E. von Mutius, S. K. Weiland, E. von Mutius, S. K. Weiland, H. Williams, G. Wong, M. I. Asher, T. O. Clayton, P. Ellwood, E. A. Mitchell, M. E. Howitt, J. Weyler, L. de Freitas Souza, D. Rennie, P. Aguilar, G. Aristizábal, A. M. Cepeda, M. A. Riikjärv, G. Z. sigmond, S. Awasthi, S. Bhave, N. M. Hanumante, K. C. Jain, M. K. Joshi, S. N. Mantri, A. V. Pherwani, S. Rego, S. Salvi, S. K. Sharma, V. Singh, U. Sukumaran, P. S. Suresh Babu, C. B. Kartasasmita, M. R. Masjedi, H. Odajima, C. Imanalieva, J. Kudzyte, B. S. Quah, K. H. Teh, S. Montefort, M. Baeza-Bacab, M. Barragán-Meijueiro, B. E. Del-Río-Navarro, R. García-Almaráz, S. N. González-Díaz, F. J. Linares-Zapién, J. V. Merida-Palacio, S. Romero-Tapia, I. Romieu, M. I. Asher, R. MacKay, C. Moyes, P. Pattemore, B. O. Onadeko, G. Cukier, Omar AL-Rawas, G. Lis, R. Câmara, J. M. Lopes dos Santos, C. Nunes, J. E. Rosado Pinto, H. B. Lee, R. M. Busquets, I. Carvajal-Urueña, G. García-Hernández, L. García-Marcos, C. González Díaz, A. López-Silvarrey Varela, M. M. Morales-Suárez-Varela, O. Al-Rawas, S. Mohammad, J. L. Huang, C. C. Kao, M. Trakultivakorn, P. Vichyanond, M. C. Lapides, M. Sears, J. Shah, K. Baratawidjaja, Lee.B.-W.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: In Phase Three of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC), we investigated the relationship between breast feeding in infancy and symptoms of asthma, rhinoconjunctivitis and eczema in 6-7 year old children. Methods: Parents or guardians of 6-7 year old children completed written questionnaires on current symptoms of asthma, rhinoconjunctivitis and eczema, and on a range of possible asthma risk factors including a history of breast feeding ever. Prevalence odds ratios were estimated using logistic regression, adjusted for gender, region of the world, language, per capita gross national income, and other risk factors. Results: In all 206,453 children from 72 centres in 31 countries participated in the study. Reported breast feeding ever was not associated with current wheeze, with an odds ratio (adjusted for gender, region of the world, language, per capita gross national income, and factors encountered in infancy) of 0.99 (95% CI 0.92-1.05), current rhinoconjunctivitis (OR 1.00, 95% CI 0.93-1.08), current eczema (OR 1.05, 95% CI 0.97-1.12), or symptoms of severe asthma (OR 0.95, 95% CI 0.87-1.05). Breast feeding was however associated with a reduced risk of severe rhinoconjunctivitis (OR 0.74, 95% CI 0.59-0.94) and severe eczema (OR 0.79, 95% CI 0.66-0.95). Conclusions: There was no consistent association between breast feeding use in the first year of life and either a history or current symptoms of wheezing, rhinoconjunctivitis or eczema in 6-7 year old children, but possibly an effect on severe symptoms of the latter two conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)318-325
Number of pages8
JournalAllergologia et Immunopathologia
Volume39
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2011

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Eczema
Breast Feeding
Hypersensitivity
Asthma
Language
Odds Ratio
Respiratory Sounds
Parents
Logistic Models
History

Keywords

  • Asthma
  • Breast feeding
  • Eczema
  • ISAAC
  • Rhinoconjunctivitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy

Cite this

Global analysis of breast feeding and risk of symptoms of asthma, rhinoconjunctivitis and eczema in 6-7 year old children : ISAAC Phase Three. / Björkstén, B.; Aït-Khaled, N.; Innes Asher, M.; Clayton, T. O.; Robertson, C.; Aït-Khaled, N.; Anderson, H. R.; Asher, M. I.; Beasley, R.; Björkstén, B.; Brunekreef, B.; Crane, J.; Ellwood, P.; Flohr, C.; Foliaki, S.; Forastiere, F.; García-Marcos, L.; Keil, U.; Lai, C. K W; Mallol, J.; Mitchell, E. A.; Odhiambo, J.; Montefort, S.; Pearce, N.; Robertson, C. F.; Stewart, A. W.; Strachan, D.; von Mutius, E.; Weiland, S. K.; von Mutius, E.; Weiland, S. K.; Williams, H.; Wong, G.; Asher, M. I.; Clayton, T. O.; Ellwood, P.; Mitchell, E. A.; Howitt, M. E.; Weyler, J.; de Freitas Souza, L.; Rennie, D.; Aguilar, P.; Aristizábal, G.; Cepeda, A. M.; Riikjärv, M. A.; sigmond, G. Z.; Awasthi, S.; Bhave, S.; Hanumante, N. M.; Jain, K. C.; Joshi, M. K.; Mantri, S. N.; Pherwani, A. V.; Rego, S.; Salvi, S.; Sharma, S. K.; Singh, V.; Sukumaran, U.; Suresh Babu, P. S.; Kartasasmita, C. B.; Masjedi, M. R.; Odajima, H.; Imanalieva, C.; Kudzyte, J.; Quah, B. S.; Teh, K. H.; Montefort, S.; Baeza-Bacab, M.; Barragán-Meijueiro, M.; Del-Río-Navarro, B. E.; García-Almaráz, R.; González-Díaz, S. N.; Linares-Zapién, F. J.; Merida-Palacio, J. V.; Romero-Tapia, S.; Romieu, I.; Asher, M. I.; MacKay, R.; Moyes, C.; Pattemore, P.; Onadeko, B. O.; Cukier, G.; AL-Rawas, Omar; Lis, G.; Câmara, R.; Lopes dos Santos, J. M.; Nunes, C.; Rosado Pinto, J. E.; Lee, H. B.; Busquets, R. M.; Carvajal-Urueña, I.; García-Hernández, G.; García-Marcos, L.; González Díaz, C.; López-Silvarrey Varela, A.; Morales-Suárez-Varela, M. M.; Al-Rawas, O.; Mohammad, S.; Huang, J. L.; Kao, C. C.; Trakultivakorn, M.; Vichyanond, P.; Lapides, M. C.; Sears, M.; Shah, J.; Baratawidjaja, K.; Lee.B.-W.

In: Allergologia et Immunopathologia, Vol. 39, No. 6, 11.2011, p. 318-325.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Björkstén, B, Aït-Khaled, N, Innes Asher, M, Clayton, TO, Robertson, C, Aït-Khaled, N, Anderson, HR, Asher, MI, Beasley, R, Björkstén, B, Brunekreef, B, Crane, J, Ellwood, P, Flohr, C, Foliaki, S, Forastiere, F, García-Marcos, L, Keil, U, Lai, CKW, Mallol, J, Mitchell, EA, Odhiambo, J, Montefort, S, Pearce, N, Robertson, CF, Stewart, AW, Strachan, D, von Mutius, E, Weiland, SK, von Mutius, E, Weiland, SK, Williams, H, Wong, G, Asher, MI, Clayton, TO, Ellwood, P, Mitchell, EA, Howitt, ME, Weyler, J, de Freitas Souza, L, Rennie, D, Aguilar, P, Aristizábal, G, Cepeda, AM, Riikjärv, MA, sigmond, GZ, Awasthi, S, Bhave, S, Hanumante, NM, Jain, KC, Joshi, MK, Mantri, SN, Pherwani, AV, Rego, S, Salvi, S, Sharma, SK, Singh, V, Sukumaran, U, Suresh Babu, PS, Kartasasmita, CB, Masjedi, MR, Odajima, H, Imanalieva, C, Kudzyte, J, Quah, BS, Teh, KH, Montefort, S, Baeza-Bacab, M, Barragán-Meijueiro, M, Del-Río-Navarro, BE, García-Almaráz, R, González-Díaz, SN, Linares-Zapién, FJ, Merida-Palacio, JV, Romero-Tapia, S, Romieu, I, Asher, MI, MacKay, R, Moyes, C, Pattemore, P, Onadeko, BO, Cukier, G, AL-Rawas, O, Lis, G, Câmara, R, Lopes dos Santos, JM, Nunes, C, Rosado Pinto, JE, Lee, HB, Busquets, RM, Carvajal-Urueña, I, García-Hernández, G, García-Marcos, L, González Díaz, C, López-Silvarrey Varela, A, Morales-Suárez-Varela, MM, Al-Rawas, O, Mohammad, S, Huang, JL, Kao, CC, Trakultivakorn, M, Vichyanond, P, Lapides, MC, Sears, M, Shah, J, Baratawidjaja, K & Lee.B.-W. 2011, 'Global analysis of breast feeding and risk of symptoms of asthma, rhinoconjunctivitis and eczema in 6-7 year old children: ISAAC Phase Three', Allergologia et Immunopathologia, vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 318-325. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aller.2011.02.005
Björkstén, B. ; Aït-Khaled, N. ; Innes Asher, M. ; Clayton, T. O. ; Robertson, C. ; Aït-Khaled, N. ; Anderson, H. R. ; Asher, M. I. ; Beasley, R. ; Björkstén, B. ; Brunekreef, B. ; Crane, J. ; Ellwood, P. ; Flohr, C. ; Foliaki, S. ; Forastiere, F. ; García-Marcos, L. ; Keil, U. ; Lai, C. K W ; Mallol, J. ; Mitchell, E. A. ; Odhiambo, J. ; Montefort, S. ; Pearce, N. ; Robertson, C. F. ; Stewart, A. W. ; Strachan, D. ; von Mutius, E. ; Weiland, S. K. ; von Mutius, E. ; Weiland, S. K. ; Williams, H. ; Wong, G. ; Asher, M. I. ; Clayton, T. O. ; Ellwood, P. ; Mitchell, E. A. ; Howitt, M. E. ; Weyler, J. ; de Freitas Souza, L. ; Rennie, D. ; Aguilar, P. ; Aristizábal, G. ; Cepeda, A. M. ; Riikjärv, M. A. ; sigmond, G. Z. ; Awasthi, S. ; Bhave, S. ; Hanumante, N. M. ; Jain, K. C. ; Joshi, M. K. ; Mantri, S. N. ; Pherwani, A. V. ; Rego, S. ; Salvi, S. ; Sharma, S. K. ; Singh, V. ; Sukumaran, U. ; Suresh Babu, P. S. ; Kartasasmita, C. B. ; Masjedi, M. R. ; Odajima, H. ; Imanalieva, C. ; Kudzyte, J. ; Quah, B. S. ; Teh, K. H. ; Montefort, S. ; Baeza-Bacab, M. ; Barragán-Meijueiro, M. ; Del-Río-Navarro, B. E. ; García-Almaráz, R. ; González-Díaz, S. N. ; Linares-Zapién, F. J. ; Merida-Palacio, J. V. ; Romero-Tapia, S. ; Romieu, I. ; Asher, M. I. ; MacKay, R. ; Moyes, C. ; Pattemore, P. ; Onadeko, B. O. ; Cukier, G. ; AL-Rawas, Omar ; Lis, G. ; Câmara, R. ; Lopes dos Santos, J. M. ; Nunes, C. ; Rosado Pinto, J. E. ; Lee, H. B. ; Busquets, R. M. ; Carvajal-Urueña, I. ; García-Hernández, G. ; García-Marcos, L. ; González Díaz, C. ; López-Silvarrey Varela, A. ; Morales-Suárez-Varela, M. M. ; Al-Rawas, O. ; Mohammad, S. ; Huang, J. L. ; Kao, C. C. ; Trakultivakorn, M. ; Vichyanond, P. ; Lapides, M. C. ; Sears, M. ; Shah, J. ; Baratawidjaja, K. ; Lee.B.-W. / Global analysis of breast feeding and risk of symptoms of asthma, rhinoconjunctivitis and eczema in 6-7 year old children : ISAAC Phase Three. In: Allergologia et Immunopathologia. 2011 ; Vol. 39, No. 6. pp. 318-325.
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title = "Global analysis of breast feeding and risk of symptoms of asthma, rhinoconjunctivitis and eczema in 6-7 year old children: ISAAC Phase Three",
abstract = "Background: In Phase Three of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC), we investigated the relationship between breast feeding in infancy and symptoms of asthma, rhinoconjunctivitis and eczema in 6-7 year old children. Methods: Parents or guardians of 6-7 year old children completed written questionnaires on current symptoms of asthma, rhinoconjunctivitis and eczema, and on a range of possible asthma risk factors including a history of breast feeding ever. Prevalence odds ratios were estimated using logistic regression, adjusted for gender, region of the world, language, per capita gross national income, and other risk factors. Results: In all 206,453 children from 72 centres in 31 countries participated in the study. Reported breast feeding ever was not associated with current wheeze, with an odds ratio (adjusted for gender, region of the world, language, per capita gross national income, and factors encountered in infancy) of 0.99 (95{\%} CI 0.92-1.05), current rhinoconjunctivitis (OR 1.00, 95{\%} CI 0.93-1.08), current eczema (OR 1.05, 95{\%} CI 0.97-1.12), or symptoms of severe asthma (OR 0.95, 95{\%} CI 0.87-1.05). Breast feeding was however associated with a reduced risk of severe rhinoconjunctivitis (OR 0.74, 95{\%} CI 0.59-0.94) and severe eczema (OR 0.79, 95{\%} CI 0.66-0.95). Conclusions: There was no consistent association between breast feeding use in the first year of life and either a history or current symptoms of wheezing, rhinoconjunctivitis or eczema in 6-7 year old children, but possibly an effect on severe symptoms of the latter two conditions.",
keywords = "Asthma, Breast feeding, Eczema, ISAAC, Rhinoconjunctivitis",
author = "B. Bj{\"o}rkst{\'e}n and N. A{\"i}t-Khaled and {Innes Asher}, M. and Clayton, {T. O.} and C. Robertson and N. A{\"i}t-Khaled and Anderson, {H. R.} and Asher, {M. I.} and R. Beasley and B. Bj{\"o}rkst{\'e}n and B. Brunekreef and J. Crane and P. Ellwood and C. Flohr and S. Foliaki and F. Forastiere and L. Garc{\'i}a-Marcos and U. Keil and Lai, {C. K W} and J. Mallol and Mitchell, {E. A.} and J. Odhiambo and S. Montefort and N. Pearce and Robertson, {C. F.} and Stewart, {A. W.} and D. Strachan and {von Mutius}, E. and Weiland, {S. K.} and {von Mutius}, E. and Weiland, {S. K.} and H. Williams and G. Wong and Asher, {M. I.} and Clayton, {T. O.} and P. Ellwood and Mitchell, {E. A.} and Howitt, {M. E.} and J. Weyler and {de Freitas Souza}, L. and D. Rennie and P. Aguilar and G. Aristiz{\'a}bal and Cepeda, {A. M.} and Riikj{\"a}rv, {M. A.} and sigmond, {G. Z.} and S. Awasthi and S. Bhave and Hanumante, {N. M.} and Jain, {K. C.} and Joshi, {M. K.} and Mantri, {S. N.} and Pherwani, {A. V.} and S. Rego and S. Salvi and Sharma, {S. K.} and V. Singh and U. Sukumaran and {Suresh Babu}, {P. S.} and Kartasasmita, {C. B.} and Masjedi, {M. R.} and H. Odajima and C. Imanalieva and J. Kudzyte and Quah, {B. S.} and Teh, {K. H.} and S. Montefort and M. Baeza-Bacab and M. Barrag{\'a}n-Meijueiro and Del-R{\'i}o-Navarro, {B. E.} and R. Garc{\'i}a-Almar{\'a}z and Gonz{\'a}lez-D{\'i}az, {S. N.} and Linares-Zapi{\'e}n, {F. J.} and Merida-Palacio, {J. V.} and S. Romero-Tapia and I. Romieu and Asher, {M. I.} and R. MacKay and C. Moyes and P. Pattemore and Onadeko, {B. O.} and G. Cukier and Omar AL-Rawas and G. Lis and R. C{\^a}mara and {Lopes dos Santos}, {J. M.} and C. Nunes and {Rosado Pinto}, {J. E.} and Lee, {H. B.} and Busquets, {R. M.} and I. Carvajal-Urue{\~n}a and G. Garc{\'i}a-Hern{\'a}ndez and L. Garc{\'i}a-Marcos and {Gonz{\'a}lez D{\'i}az}, C. and {L{\'o}pez-Silvarrey Varela}, A. and Morales-Su{\'a}rez-Varela, {M. M.} and O. Al-Rawas and S. Mohammad and Huang, {J. L.} and Kao, {C. C.} and M. Trakultivakorn and P. Vichyanond and Lapides, {M. C.} and M. Sears and J. Shah and K. Baratawidjaja and Lee.B.-W.",
year = "2011",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1016/j.aller.2011.02.005",
language = "English",
volume = "39",
pages = "318--325",
journal = "Allergologia et Immunopathologia",
issn = "0301-0546",
publisher = "Ediciones Doyma, S.L.",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Global analysis of breast feeding and risk of symptoms of asthma, rhinoconjunctivitis and eczema in 6-7 year old children

T2 - ISAAC Phase Three

AU - Björkstén, B.

AU - Aït-Khaled, N.

AU - Innes Asher, M.

AU - Clayton, T. O.

AU - Robertson, C.

AU - Aït-Khaled, N.

AU - Anderson, H. R.

AU - Asher, M. I.

AU - Beasley, R.

AU - Björkstén, B.

AU - Brunekreef, B.

AU - Crane, J.

AU - Ellwood, P.

AU - Flohr, C.

AU - Foliaki, S.

AU - Forastiere, F.

AU - García-Marcos, L.

AU - Keil, U.

AU - Lai, C. K W

AU - Mallol, J.

AU - Mitchell, E. A.

AU - Odhiambo, J.

AU - Montefort, S.

AU - Pearce, N.

AU - Robertson, C. F.

AU - Stewart, A. W.

AU - Strachan, D.

AU - von Mutius, E.

AU - Weiland, S. K.

AU - von Mutius, E.

AU - Weiland, S. K.

AU - Williams, H.

AU - Wong, G.

AU - Asher, M. I.

AU - Clayton, T. O.

AU - Ellwood, P.

AU - Mitchell, E. A.

AU - Howitt, M. E.

AU - Weyler, J.

AU - de Freitas Souza, L.

AU - Rennie, D.

AU - Aguilar, P.

AU - Aristizábal, G.

AU - Cepeda, A. M.

AU - Riikjärv, M. A.

AU - sigmond, G. Z.

AU - Awasthi, S.

AU - Bhave, S.

AU - Hanumante, N. M.

AU - Jain, K. C.

AU - Joshi, M. K.

AU - Mantri, S. N.

AU - Pherwani, A. V.

AU - Rego, S.

AU - Salvi, S.

AU - Sharma, S. K.

AU - Singh, V.

AU - Sukumaran, U.

AU - Suresh Babu, P. S.

AU - Kartasasmita, C. B.

AU - Masjedi, M. R.

AU - Odajima, H.

AU - Imanalieva, C.

AU - Kudzyte, J.

AU - Quah, B. S.

AU - Teh, K. H.

AU - Montefort, S.

AU - Baeza-Bacab, M.

AU - Barragán-Meijueiro, M.

AU - Del-Río-Navarro, B. E.

AU - García-Almaráz, R.

AU - González-Díaz, S. N.

AU - Linares-Zapién, F. J.

AU - Merida-Palacio, J. V.

AU - Romero-Tapia, S.

AU - Romieu, I.

AU - Asher, M. I.

AU - MacKay, R.

AU - Moyes, C.

AU - Pattemore, P.

AU - Onadeko, B. O.

AU - Cukier, G.

AU - AL-Rawas, Omar

AU - Lis, G.

AU - Câmara, R.

AU - Lopes dos Santos, J. M.

AU - Nunes, C.

AU - Rosado Pinto, J. E.

AU - Lee, H. B.

AU - Busquets, R. M.

AU - Carvajal-Urueña, I.

AU - García-Hernández, G.

AU - García-Marcos, L.

AU - González Díaz, C.

AU - López-Silvarrey Varela, A.

AU - Morales-Suárez-Varela, M. M.

AU - Al-Rawas, O.

AU - Mohammad, S.

AU - Huang, J. L.

AU - Kao, C. C.

AU - Trakultivakorn, M.

AU - Vichyanond, P.

AU - Lapides, M. C.

AU - Sears, M.

AU - Shah, J.

AU - Baratawidjaja, K.

AU - Lee.B.-W.,

PY - 2011/11

Y1 - 2011/11

N2 - Background: In Phase Three of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC), we investigated the relationship between breast feeding in infancy and symptoms of asthma, rhinoconjunctivitis and eczema in 6-7 year old children. Methods: Parents or guardians of 6-7 year old children completed written questionnaires on current symptoms of asthma, rhinoconjunctivitis and eczema, and on a range of possible asthma risk factors including a history of breast feeding ever. Prevalence odds ratios were estimated using logistic regression, adjusted for gender, region of the world, language, per capita gross national income, and other risk factors. Results: In all 206,453 children from 72 centres in 31 countries participated in the study. Reported breast feeding ever was not associated with current wheeze, with an odds ratio (adjusted for gender, region of the world, language, per capita gross national income, and factors encountered in infancy) of 0.99 (95% CI 0.92-1.05), current rhinoconjunctivitis (OR 1.00, 95% CI 0.93-1.08), current eczema (OR 1.05, 95% CI 0.97-1.12), or symptoms of severe asthma (OR 0.95, 95% CI 0.87-1.05). Breast feeding was however associated with a reduced risk of severe rhinoconjunctivitis (OR 0.74, 95% CI 0.59-0.94) and severe eczema (OR 0.79, 95% CI 0.66-0.95). Conclusions: There was no consistent association between breast feeding use in the first year of life and either a history or current symptoms of wheezing, rhinoconjunctivitis or eczema in 6-7 year old children, but possibly an effect on severe symptoms of the latter two conditions.

AB - Background: In Phase Three of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC), we investigated the relationship between breast feeding in infancy and symptoms of asthma, rhinoconjunctivitis and eczema in 6-7 year old children. Methods: Parents or guardians of 6-7 year old children completed written questionnaires on current symptoms of asthma, rhinoconjunctivitis and eczema, and on a range of possible asthma risk factors including a history of breast feeding ever. Prevalence odds ratios were estimated using logistic regression, adjusted for gender, region of the world, language, per capita gross national income, and other risk factors. Results: In all 206,453 children from 72 centres in 31 countries participated in the study. Reported breast feeding ever was not associated with current wheeze, with an odds ratio (adjusted for gender, region of the world, language, per capita gross national income, and factors encountered in infancy) of 0.99 (95% CI 0.92-1.05), current rhinoconjunctivitis (OR 1.00, 95% CI 0.93-1.08), current eczema (OR 1.05, 95% CI 0.97-1.12), or symptoms of severe asthma (OR 0.95, 95% CI 0.87-1.05). Breast feeding was however associated with a reduced risk of severe rhinoconjunctivitis (OR 0.74, 95% CI 0.59-0.94) and severe eczema (OR 0.79, 95% CI 0.66-0.95). Conclusions: There was no consistent association between breast feeding use in the first year of life and either a history or current symptoms of wheezing, rhinoconjunctivitis or eczema in 6-7 year old children, but possibly an effect on severe symptoms of the latter two conditions.

KW - Asthma

KW - Breast feeding

KW - Eczema

KW - ISAAC

KW - Rhinoconjunctivitis

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U2 - 10.1016/j.aller.2011.02.005

DO - 10.1016/j.aller.2011.02.005

M3 - Article

C2 - 21802826

AN - SCOPUS:83555174307

VL - 39

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EP - 325

JO - Allergologia et Immunopathologia

JF - Allergologia et Immunopathologia

SN - 0301-0546

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