Geochemical characterization of omani sandstone cores-analysis of change in ph and rock mineral constituents concentrations

Talal Al-Wahaibi, Yahya Al-Wahaibi, Mahmoud Abdel-Goad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

pH sensitive polymers such as polyacrylic acid (PAA) hydrogel have recently been proposed for the oil industry as a conformance control agent. Previous studies showed that this type of microgel solutions will swell considerably as their pH increases above a critical value. Thus for an optimal condition for propagation through porous media, the micogel polymer should be in the unswelled state during injection. Therefore, understanding the geochemical properties of a reservoir is crucial to condition the reservoir before polymers can be applied for conformance control. In this paper, the geochemical behavior of Omani sandstone cores which were obtained from a reservoir candidate for conformance control were characterized by quantifying the change in the effluent pH after injecting 3wt% NaCl brine and 0.1 M HCl solution. The effect of shut-ins and injection rate on the pH of the effluent was investigated. The investigations were carried out in three 1.5 inch diameter by 2 inch long cores selected from the same formation. The measurements indicated a steady state pH value of around 2.8 between the injected acid and the rock minerals. Five pore volumes of 0.1 M HCl were required to achieve this steady state. This is because the fast reacting mineral which is the calcium was almost consumed as soon as the reaction started. The effluent pH was found to increase from the steady state value to about 3.5 (which is the equilibrium pH value) when shut-ins effect was applied for longer than one day while no change in the effluent pH was observed when shut-in period was less than one day. Large volume of acid injection decreased the increase in pH to values less than 3.5 even for very long shut-in periods. There was no effect of injection rate on the acid volume required to attain steady state. However, at steady state, the pH of the effluent was found to decrease as the injection rate decreased. From the geochemical data, we concluded that the Omani field of interest from which the tested cores were collected can be considered as a good candidate for conformance control applications using the PAA polymers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)260-270
Number of pages11
JournalPetroleum and Coal
Volume54
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

Core analysis
Sandstone
Effluents
Minerals
Rocks
Acids
Polymers
Hydrogels
Porous materials
Calcium
Industry

Keywords

  • Equilibrium
  • Fast and slow reacting minerals
  • Geochemical
  • Omani sandstone
  • pH sensitive polymer
  • pH value

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy(all)

Cite this

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title = "Geochemical characterization of omani sandstone cores-analysis of change in ph and rock mineral constituents concentrations",
abstract = "pH sensitive polymers such as polyacrylic acid (PAA) hydrogel have recently been proposed for the oil industry as a conformance control agent. Previous studies showed that this type of microgel solutions will swell considerably as their pH increases above a critical value. Thus for an optimal condition for propagation through porous media, the micogel polymer should be in the unswelled state during injection. Therefore, understanding the geochemical properties of a reservoir is crucial to condition the reservoir before polymers can be applied for conformance control. In this paper, the geochemical behavior of Omani sandstone cores which were obtained from a reservoir candidate for conformance control were characterized by quantifying the change in the effluent pH after injecting 3wt{\%} NaCl brine and 0.1 M HCl solution. The effect of shut-ins and injection rate on the pH of the effluent was investigated. The investigations were carried out in three 1.5 inch diameter by 2 inch long cores selected from the same formation. The measurements indicated a steady state pH value of around 2.8 between the injected acid and the rock minerals. Five pore volumes of 0.1 M HCl were required to achieve this steady state. This is because the fast reacting mineral which is the calcium was almost consumed as soon as the reaction started. The effluent pH was found to increase from the steady state value to about 3.5 (which is the equilibrium pH value) when shut-ins effect was applied for longer than one day while no change in the effluent pH was observed when shut-in period was less than one day. Large volume of acid injection decreased the increase in pH to values less than 3.5 even for very long shut-in periods. There was no effect of injection rate on the acid volume required to attain steady state. However, at steady state, the pH of the effluent was found to decrease as the injection rate decreased. From the geochemical data, we concluded that the Omani field of interest from which the tested cores were collected can be considered as a good candidate for conformance control applications using the PAA polymers.",
keywords = "Equilibrium, Fast and slow reacting minerals, Geochemical, Omani sandstone, pH sensitive polymer, pH value",
author = "Talal Al-Wahaibi and Yahya Al-Wahaibi and Mahmoud Abdel-Goad",
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T1 - Geochemical characterization of omani sandstone cores-analysis of change in ph and rock mineral constituents concentrations

AU - Al-Wahaibi, Talal

AU - Al-Wahaibi, Yahya

AU - Abdel-Goad, Mahmoud

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - pH sensitive polymers such as polyacrylic acid (PAA) hydrogel have recently been proposed for the oil industry as a conformance control agent. Previous studies showed that this type of microgel solutions will swell considerably as their pH increases above a critical value. Thus for an optimal condition for propagation through porous media, the micogel polymer should be in the unswelled state during injection. Therefore, understanding the geochemical properties of a reservoir is crucial to condition the reservoir before polymers can be applied for conformance control. In this paper, the geochemical behavior of Omani sandstone cores which were obtained from a reservoir candidate for conformance control were characterized by quantifying the change in the effluent pH after injecting 3wt% NaCl brine and 0.1 M HCl solution. The effect of shut-ins and injection rate on the pH of the effluent was investigated. The investigations were carried out in three 1.5 inch diameter by 2 inch long cores selected from the same formation. The measurements indicated a steady state pH value of around 2.8 between the injected acid and the rock minerals. Five pore volumes of 0.1 M HCl were required to achieve this steady state. This is because the fast reacting mineral which is the calcium was almost consumed as soon as the reaction started. The effluent pH was found to increase from the steady state value to about 3.5 (which is the equilibrium pH value) when shut-ins effect was applied for longer than one day while no change in the effluent pH was observed when shut-in period was less than one day. Large volume of acid injection decreased the increase in pH to values less than 3.5 even for very long shut-in periods. There was no effect of injection rate on the acid volume required to attain steady state. However, at steady state, the pH of the effluent was found to decrease as the injection rate decreased. From the geochemical data, we concluded that the Omani field of interest from which the tested cores were collected can be considered as a good candidate for conformance control applications using the PAA polymers.

AB - pH sensitive polymers such as polyacrylic acid (PAA) hydrogel have recently been proposed for the oil industry as a conformance control agent. Previous studies showed that this type of microgel solutions will swell considerably as their pH increases above a critical value. Thus for an optimal condition for propagation through porous media, the micogel polymer should be in the unswelled state during injection. Therefore, understanding the geochemical properties of a reservoir is crucial to condition the reservoir before polymers can be applied for conformance control. In this paper, the geochemical behavior of Omani sandstone cores which were obtained from a reservoir candidate for conformance control were characterized by quantifying the change in the effluent pH after injecting 3wt% NaCl brine and 0.1 M HCl solution. The effect of shut-ins and injection rate on the pH of the effluent was investigated. The investigations were carried out in three 1.5 inch diameter by 2 inch long cores selected from the same formation. The measurements indicated a steady state pH value of around 2.8 between the injected acid and the rock minerals. Five pore volumes of 0.1 M HCl were required to achieve this steady state. This is because the fast reacting mineral which is the calcium was almost consumed as soon as the reaction started. The effluent pH was found to increase from the steady state value to about 3.5 (which is the equilibrium pH value) when shut-ins effect was applied for longer than one day while no change in the effluent pH was observed when shut-in period was less than one day. Large volume of acid injection decreased the increase in pH to values less than 3.5 even for very long shut-in periods. There was no effect of injection rate on the acid volume required to attain steady state. However, at steady state, the pH of the effluent was found to decrease as the injection rate decreased. From the geochemical data, we concluded that the Omani field of interest from which the tested cores were collected can be considered as a good candidate for conformance control applications using the PAA polymers.

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KW - Fast and slow reacting minerals

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KW - Omani sandstone

KW - pH sensitive polymer

KW - pH value

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