Genitourinary Symptoms Associated with Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae Infections in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Oman

Zakariya Al-Muharrmi*, Richard Lau, Ahad Al-Balushi, Alyazi Al-Saadi, Zeyana Al-Habsi, Ali Elgalib, Samir Shah, Maha Al-Fouri, Bader Al-Rawahi, Seif Al-Abri

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: This study aimed to determine the pattern of clinical presentations associated with Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae infections. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted between 2015 and 2020 and included patients attending Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman, who were tested for these infections using nucleic acid amplification. Results: A total of 408 women and 89 men were included. A total of 11 infections were identified in women (n = 11, 2.7%) and 14 in men (n = 14, 15.7%). Chlamydia accounted for almost all infections in women (n = 10, 90.9%), commonly presenting with lower abdominal pain or abnormal vaginal bleeding. In men, urethral discharge/dysuria syndrome was the most common presentation and chlamydia was identified in eight men and gonorrhoea in six; a majority of all infections were seen in patients ≤35 years old. Conclusion: The relative prevalence of two common sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among patients with genitourinary symptoms at a tertiary referral hospital have been described. The pattern of their presentations will inform the design of prospective studies to improve surveillance and guide public health policy in Oman. This study highlights the need for a multi-sectoral approach involving all providers to enable comprehensive STI surveillance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)382-386
Number of pages5
JournalSultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022

Keywords

  • Chlamydia trachomatis
  • Neisseria gonorrhoeae
  • Oman
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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